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父母教养方式对青少年问题行为及性别差异影响
Alternative TitleInfluence of parenting style and gender disparity on adolescent problem behaviors
刘玉路1,2,3; 李新影1
2015
Source Publication中国公共卫生
Correspondent Email13796661033@163. com
ISSN1001-0580
Volume31Issue:12Pages:1655-1657
Abstract

目的了解父母教养方式对青少年问题行为及性别差异的影响。方法采用随机整群抽样方法,于2007年9月—2008年4月,在北京市18个区随机抽取1 387名青少年进行一般情况、父母教养方式、问题行为的问卷调查。结果男生问题行为水平为(13.29±11.39)分,明显高于女生的(11.86±9.91)分,差异有统计学意义(t=2.92,P<0.01);父母教养方式的4个维度得分依次为母亲温暖(25.12±5.91)分、母亲监管(23.37±6.65)分、父亲温暖(25.37±4.91)分、父亲监管(22.33±6.54)分,均高于男生的(23.86±6.11)、(22.30±6.78)、(23.53±5.40)、(20.81±6.50)分,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);问题行为与父母教养方式中的母亲温暖(r=-0.27,P<0.01)、母亲监管(r=-0.31,P<0.01)、父亲温暖(r=-0.28,P<0.01)、父亲监管(r=-0.30,P<0.01)4个维度均呈明显负相关;性别在父母教养方式与问题行为之间无调节作用(P>0.05)。结论男生应该得到与女生同样的父母关注和关心,以减少问题行为的发生。

Other Abstract

To examine the influence of parenting style and gender disparity on adolescent problem behaviors.Methods With random cluster sampling,1 387 adolescents aged 10 - 18 years were selected from 18 districts of Beijing municipality and a questionnaire survey was conducted among the adolescents and their parents selected from September 2007 to April 2008. Results The male adolescents had a significantly higher score for problem behaviors than the female adolescents( 13. 29 ± 11. 39 vs. 11. 86 ± 9. 91) ( t = 2. 92,P < 0. 01) . Compared to the male adolescents, the female adolescents had significantly higher scores for the four domains of parenting style of maternal warmth ( 25. 12 ±5. 91 vs. 23. 86 ±6. 11) ,maternal monitoring ( 23. 37 ±6. 65 vs. 22. 30 ±6. 78),fatherly warmth( 25. 37 ±4. 91 vs. 23. 53 ±5. 40) ,and fatherly monitoring( 22. 33 ± 6. 54 vs. 20. 81 ± 6. 50) ( all P < 0. 01) . Adolescents’problem behaviors were significantly correlated reveresely with the four domains of parenting style of maternal warmth( r = - 0. 27,P < 0. 01) ,maternal monitoring( r = - 0. 31,P < 0. 01) ,f atherly warmth ( r = - 0. 28,P < 0. 01 ) ,and fatherly monitoring ( r = - 0. 30,P < 0. 01) . No moderating effect of gender disparity on the relationship between parenting style and problem behaviors was observed among the adolescents( P > 0. 05) . Conclusion The same parental attention and concern should be paid to adolescent boys as to the girls to reduce the occurrence of problem behaviors among the boys.

Keyword父母教养方式 青少年问题行为 性别 调节作用
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(31170993 ; 91132728 ; 30600183)
CSCD IDCSCD:5649375
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25184
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.哈尔滨市第一专科医院医务科
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘玉路,李新影. 父母教养方式对青少年问题行为及性别差异影响[J]. 中国公共卫生,2015,31(12):1655-1657.
APA 刘玉路,&李新影.(2015).父母教养方式对青少年问题行为及性别差异影响.中国公共卫生,31(12),1655-1657.
MLA 刘玉路,et al."父母教养方式对青少年问题行为及性别差异影响".中国公共卫生 31.12(2015):1655-1657.
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