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轻度认知功能损害多维识别体系及在社区筛查中的运用综述
Alternative TitleMultiple-dimensional markers for mild cognitive impairment and its implication in community-dwelling early detection system: A review
喻婧1,2; 李娟2; 张守字3
2013
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Correspondent Emaillijuan@ psych. ac. cn
ISSN1000-6729
Volume27Issue:10Pages:744-749
Abstract

轻度认知功能损害(MCI)是介于正常老化和老年期痴呆之间的过渡阶段,其识别是预防和延缓老年期痴呆的一个突破口.本文首先回顾了近年来研究人员从临床问诊、神经心理测查、影像分析以及生化标记4个维度开展的MCI识别工作,对单维识别各自的优势和劣势进行了分析,指出有效的MCI诊断模型需要将多种技术和手段相结合.进而提出多维识别的核心理念,旨在强调指标的有效性、可获取性以及互不重叠的原则.最后提出基于社区的MCI筛查理想模型,包含大样本初筛、疑似人群细筛及诊断后的监控和干预3部分.

Other Abstract

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is one transitional phase between normal aging and age-relat- ed dementia, and the early detection of MCI is the key point for preventing and postponing the disease process of dementia. This article reviewed recent studies on MCI detection from clinical scales, neuropsychological tests, neuro- imaging, and biomarkers dimensions. Each dimension has its advantages and disadvantages in practical screening, and the effective detection model is needed to combine multiple techniques and strategies. The core concept of mul- tiple-dimensional detection involves the effectiveness, accessibility, and non-overlap rules of markers. Furthermore, an ideal community-based model for MCI detection was proposed, which included three phases, initial large-sample screening, re-screening for suspected ones, and the monitoring and intervention after diagnosis.

Keyword轻度认知功能损害 老年期痴呆 识别指标 社区筛查 综述
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(31271108,31070916),国家科技支撑计划项目(2009BAI77B03),中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金(SWU1309258),中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-EW-J-8),中国科学院-国家外国专家局创新团队国际合作伙伴计划(Y2CX131003),中国科学院心理研究所短期创新项目(111000C038)
CSCD IDCSCD:4964354
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25362
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Affiliation1.西南大学心理学部
2.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康院重点实验室老年心理研究中心
3.北京老年医院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
喻婧,李娟,张守字. 轻度认知功能损害多维识别体系及在社区筛查中的运用综述[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2013,27(10):744-749.
APA 喻婧,李娟,&张守字.(2013).轻度认知功能损害多维识别体系及在社区筛查中的运用综述.中国心理卫生杂志,27(10),744-749.
MLA 喻婧,et al."轻度认知功能损害多维识别体系及在社区筛查中的运用综述".中国心理卫生杂志 27.10(2013):744-749.
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