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主语优先现象及其认知机制
Alternative TitleSubject Preference Effect and Its Cognitive Mechanism
郑媛媛; 李晓庆
2011
Source Publication心理科学进展
Correspondent Emaillixq@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1671-3710
Volume19Issue:12Pages:1749–1758
Abstract

主语优先是言语加工中的一种语序效应,它具体表现为三个方面:论元歧义句的理解过程中,首论元倾向于被解释为主语;非歧义句的理解过程中,首论元为宾语时的加工难于首论元为主语时的加工;关系从句的理解过程中,主语的提取比宾语的提取更容易。本文对主语优先现象主要进行了以下方面的论述:①结合印欧语系和非印欧语系中的各种类型的语言,详细分析了主语优先现象及其普遍性与特殊性;②主语优先现象的理论解释:基于工作记忆的理论、句法关联理论、突出性特征理论和基于频率的理论;③与主语优先现象有关的脑电成分及其所体现的认知加工过程。最后,结合已有的研究,指出了主语优先现象未来的研究方向。 

Other Abstract

 Subject preference is a kind of word-order effect during sentence comprehension, which refers to the following three processing tendency: (a) Ambiguous initial arguments tend to be analyzed as subjects; (b) Initial subjects are easier to process than initial object in unambiguous sentences; (c) Subjects are easier to extract than objects in relative clauses. In the present paper, we mainly discussed three aspect of this preference effect: 1) by analyzing various Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages, we talked about this effect’s particularity and universality; 2) different models of subject preference were discussed, which included the working memory principle, the syntax dependency theory, the prominence principle and the influence of frequent; Third, we also summarized several subject preference-related ERP (Event-related potential) components, and discussed the underlying cognitive processes of each component in the first part; Finally, we pointed out the future directions of subject preference study.

Keyword语序效应 主语优先 句子核心成分 言语理解
DOI10.3724/SP.J.1042.2011.01749
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4402295
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25583
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation中国科学院心理学研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
郑媛媛,李晓庆. 主语优先现象及其认知机制[J]. 心理科学进展,2011,19(12):1749–1758.
APA 郑媛媛,&李晓庆.(2011).主语优先现象及其认知机制.心理科学进展,19(12),1749–1758.
MLA 郑媛媛,et al."主语优先现象及其认知机制".心理科学进展 19.12(2011):1749–1758.
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