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Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study
Junchen Shang1; Xiaolan Fu2
2016
Source PublicationEngineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics
Correspondent Emailfuxl@psych.ac.cn
Volume9736Issue:不详Pages:90-96
Abstract

Minimal affective learning is a phenomenon wherein people can learn about the affective meaning of other people with brief behavioral descriptions. Prior research mainly focused on affective learning with own-race faces. Own-race bias is a robust phenomenon describing that people can recognize own-race faces more efficiently than other-race faces. In the current study, we investigated whether own-race bias would influence minimal affective learning. Chinese participants learned Chinese and Caucasian faces paired with behaviors of different valence. After learning, they were asked to evaluate the learned faces and novel faces. Their eye movements and pupil diameters were continuously monitored during the experiment. We analyzed the change in pupil dilation to assess how much cognitive effort was required for affective learning. The results showed that participants only learned positive information with faces. Learning performance for other-race faces was similar with own-race faces. In addition, change of pupil dilation was larger when learning other-race than own-race faces, suggesting a greater cognitive effort for affective learning with other-race faces. Taken together, the results demonstrated that affective learning for other-race faces was more difficult than own-race faces. This research provided more support for the notion that different cognitive strategies were employed by faces of different race.

KeywordAffective learning Own-race bias Eye movements Pupil dilation
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-40030-3_10
Indexed By其他
Language英语
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25619
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation1.College of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University
2.State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Junchen Shang,Xiaolan Fu. Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study[J]. Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics,2016,9736(不详):90-96.
APA Junchen Shang,&Xiaolan Fu.(2016).Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study.Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics,9736(不详),90-96.
MLA Junchen Shang,et al."Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study".Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics 9736.不详(2016):90-96.
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