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Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study
Junchen Shang1; Xiaolan Fu2
2016
发表期刊Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics
通讯作者邮箱fuxl@psych.ac.cn
卷号9736期号:不详页码:90-96
摘要

Minimal affective learning is a phenomenon wherein people can learn about the affective meaning of other people with brief behavioral descriptions. Prior research mainly focused on affective learning with own-race faces. Own-race bias is a robust phenomenon describing that people can recognize own-race faces more efficiently than other-race faces. In the current study, we investigated whether own-race bias would influence minimal affective learning. Chinese participants learned Chinese and Caucasian faces paired with behaviors of different valence. After learning, they were asked to evaluate the learned faces and novel faces. Their eye movements and pupil diameters were continuously monitored during the experiment. We analyzed the change in pupil dilation to assess how much cognitive effort was required for affective learning. The results showed that participants only learned positive information with faces. Learning performance for other-race faces was similar with own-race faces. In addition, change of pupil dilation was larger when learning other-race than own-race faces, suggesting a greater cognitive effort for affective learning with other-race faces. Taken together, the results demonstrated that affective learning for other-race faces was more difficult than own-race faces. This research provided more support for the notion that different cognitive strategies were employed by faces of different race.

关键词Affective learning Own-race bias Eye movements Pupil dilation
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-40030-3_10
收录类别其他
语种英语
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25619
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位1.College of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University
2.State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Junchen Shang,Xiaolan Fu. Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study[J]. Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics,2016,9736(不详):90-96.
APA Junchen Shang,&Xiaolan Fu.(2016).Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study.Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics,9736(不详),90-96.
MLA Junchen Shang,et al."Differences of Affective Learning with OwnRace and OtherRace Faces An EyeTracking Study".Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics 9736.不详(2016):90-96.
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