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Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits
Wang, Ying1,2; Wang, Li1,2; Xu, Qian1,2; Liu, Dong1,2; Chen, Lihong1,2; Troje, Nikolaus F.3; He, Sheng4,5; Jiang, Yi1,2; Jiang, Y
第一作者Wang, Ying
2018-02-20
发表期刊PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
通讯作者邮箱yijiang@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0027-8424
文章类型Article
卷号115期号:8页码:1937-1942
Q分类Q1
产权排序1
摘要The ability to detect biological motion (BM) and decipher the meaning therein is essential to human survival and social interaction. However, at the individual level, we are not equally equipped with this ability. In particular, impaired BM perception and abnormal neural responses to BM have been observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by devastating social deficits. Here, we examined the underlying sources of individual differences in two abilities fundamental to BM perception (i.e., the abilities to process local kinematic and global configurational information of BM) and explored whether BM perception shares a common genetic origin with autistic traits. Using the classical twin method, we found reliable genetic influences on BM perception and revealed a clear dissociation between its two components-whereas genes account for about 50% of the individual variation in local BM processing, global BM processing is largely shaped by environment. Critically, participants' sensitivity to local BM cues was negatively correlated with their autistic traits through the dimension of social communication, with the covariation largely mediated by shared genetic effects. These findings demonstrate that the ability to process BM, especially with regard to its inherent kinetics, is heritable. They also advance our understanding of the sources of the linkage between autistic symptoms and BM perception deficits, opening up the possibility of treating the ability to process local BM information as a distinct hallmark of social cognition.
关键词biological motion behavioral genetics twins autistic traits social cognition
DOI10.1073/pnas.1714655115
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000425495000079
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]SPECTRUM DISORDERS ; VISUAL-PERCEPTION ; GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY ; GENERAL-POPULATION ; FACE RECOGNITION ; LIFE DETECTOR ; HUMAN GAIT ; FORM ; CUES ; PSYCHOPHYSICS
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25693
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者Jiang, Y
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Techn, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Queens Univ, Dept Psychol, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
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Wang, Ying,Wang, Li,Xu, Qian,et al. Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2018,115(8):1937-1942.
APA Wang, Ying.,Wang, Li.,Xu, Qian.,Liu, Dong.,Chen, Lihong.,...&Jiang, Y.(2018).Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,115(8),1937-1942.
MLA Wang, Ying,et al."Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 115.8(2018):1937-1942.
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