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Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits
Wang, Ying1,2; Wang, Li1,2; Xu, Qian1,2; Liu, Dong1,2; Chen, Lihong1,2; Troje, Nikolaus F.3; He, Sheng4,5; Jiang, Yi1,2; Jiang, Y
First AuthorWang, Ying
2018-02-20
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Correspondent Emailyijiang@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0027-8424
SubtypeArticle
Volume115Issue:8Pages:1937-1942
QuartileQ1
Contribution Rank1
AbstractThe ability to detect biological motion (BM) and decipher the meaning therein is essential to human survival and social interaction. However, at the individual level, we are not equally equipped with this ability. In particular, impaired BM perception and abnormal neural responses to BM have been observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by devastating social deficits. Here, we examined the underlying sources of individual differences in two abilities fundamental to BM perception (i.e., the abilities to process local kinematic and global configurational information of BM) and explored whether BM perception shares a common genetic origin with autistic traits. Using the classical twin method, we found reliable genetic influences on BM perception and revealed a clear dissociation between its two components-whereas genes account for about 50% of the individual variation in local BM processing, global BM processing is largely shaped by environment. Critically, participants' sensitivity to local BM cues was negatively correlated with their autistic traits through the dimension of social communication, with the covariation largely mediated by shared genetic effects. These findings demonstrate that the ability to process BM, especially with regard to its inherent kinetics, is heritable. They also advance our understanding of the sources of the linkage between autistic symptoms and BM perception deficits, opening up the possibility of treating the ability to process local BM information as a distinct hallmark of social cognition.
Keywordbiological motion behavioral genetics twins autistic traits social cognition
DOI10.1073/pnas.1714655115
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000425495000079
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordSPECTRUM DISORDERS ; VISUAL-PERCEPTION ; GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY ; GENERAL-POPULATION ; FACE RECOGNITION ; LIFE DETECTOR ; HUMAN GAIT ; FORM ; CUES ; PSYCHOPHYSICS
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Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25693
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorJiang, Y
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Techn, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Queens Univ, Dept Psychol, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Ying,Wang, Li,Xu, Qian,et al. Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2018,115(8):1937-1942.
APA Wang, Ying.,Wang, Li.,Xu, Qian.,Liu, Dong.,Chen, Lihong.,...&Jiang, Y.(2018).Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,115(8),1937-1942.
MLA Wang, Ying,et al."Heritable aspects of biological motion perception and its covariation with autistic traits".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 115.8(2018):1937-1942.
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