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Identication of the features of emotional dysfunction in female individuals with methamphetamine use disorder measured by musical stimuli modulated startle reflex
Chen, Xijing1,3; Wang, Chunguang2; Liu, Wang1,3; Monika Gorowska1,3; Wang,Dongmei1,3; Li, Yonghui1,3; Wang, Dongmei
First AuthorChen, Xijing
2018
Source Publicationfrontiers in human neuroscience
Correspondent Emailwangdm@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1662-5161
Issue0Pages:0
QuartileQ1
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Emotional dysregulation contributes to the development of substance use disorders (SUDs) and is highly associated with drug abuse and relapse. Music as a contextual auditory stimulus can effectively stimulate the reward circuitry, modulate memory associated with drug taking, and enhance emotional experiences during drug taking. However, the studies of the emotional responses to music in individuals with SUDs are scarce. Using startle reflex and self-reports, this study assessed the psychophysiological and cognitive emotional responses (i.e., valence, arousal, and proximity) to happy, peaceful, and fearful music stimuli in 30 females with methamphetamine use disorder (MUD) and 30 healthy females. The results found that participants with MUD showed an inhibited startle response to fearful music compared to normal controls (t = 3.7, p <.01), and no significant differences were found in the startle responses to happy and peaceful music between the two groups. For the self-reported ratings, participants with MUD showed a decreased arousal in the response to fearful (t = 4.1, p < .01) and happy music (t = 3.8, p <. 01), an increased valence in the response to fearful music (t = 4.4, p <. 01), and a higher level of proximity in the response to fearful (t = 3.8, p < .01) and happy music (t = 2.2, p =.03). No significant differences were found in the rating of arousal to peaceful music, the valence to happy and peaceful music, as well as the proximity to peaceful music between the two groups. The females with MUD showed attenuated psychophysiological response and potentiated cognitive response (i.e., valence, arousal) to fearful music, as well as a high proximity to musical stimuli with high arousal regardless of its valence. These results have important implications for promoting the effectiveness of assessment and therapy selections for female MUD patients with impaired emotion regulation.

Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25706
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Dongmei
Affiliation1.Institute of Psychology(CAS)
2.Beijing Municipal Drug Administration
3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Xijing,Wang, Chunguang,Liu, Wang,et al. Identication of the features of emotional dysfunction in female individuals with methamphetamine use disorder measured by musical stimuli modulated startle reflex[J]. frontiers in human neuroscience,2018(0):0.
APA Chen, Xijing.,Wang, Chunguang.,Liu, Wang.,Monika Gorowska.,Wang,Dongmei.,...&Wang, Dongmei.(2018).Identication of the features of emotional dysfunction in female individuals with methamphetamine use disorder measured by musical stimuli modulated startle reflex.frontiers in human neuroscience(0),0.
MLA Chen, Xijing,et al."Identication of the features of emotional dysfunction in female individuals with methamphetamine use disorder measured by musical stimuli modulated startle reflex".frontiers in human neuroscience .0(2018):0.
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