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Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes
Li, Jing1,2; Liu, Xi-Ping1; Tang, Wei-Hai1
第一作者Li, Jing ; Liu, Xi-Ping
2014
发表期刊American Journal of Psychology
通讯作者邮箱lxp3771@sina.com
ISSN0002-9556
文章类型Article
卷号127期号:1页码:75-85
产权排序2
摘要

This study used a matrix game to explore adolescents' and young adults' flexibility of theory of mind (ToM) and to examine whether prediction could promote a person's ToM reasoning when the opponent's level of ToM changed during the course of the game. A total of 202 participants of different ages (13, 16, 19, and 24 years) were presented with the task. Results showed that the ToM flexibility in prediction and decision making was not significantly different across the age groups. A person's flexibility of ToM was better when the opponent's level was stable than when the level changed. It was even more difficult for a person to adapt when the opponent changed from a higher-order to lower-order level. The results showed prediction to be a kind of information clue that would prompt people to think further. It is both feasible and discriminative to explore even higher levels of ToM with matrix games.

收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000332749600006
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25717
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者Liu, Xi-Ping
作者单位1.Tianjin Normal Univ, Tianjin 300387, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Li, Jing,Liu, Xi-Ping,Tang, Wei-Hai. Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes[J]. American Journal of Psychology,2014,127(1):75-85.
APA Li, Jing,Liu, Xi-Ping,&Tang, Wei-Hai.(2014).Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes.American Journal of Psychology,127(1),75-85.
MLA Li, Jing,et al."Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes".American Journal of Psychology 127.1(2014):75-85.
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