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Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes
Li, Jing1,2; Liu, Xi-Ping1; Tang, Wei-Hai1
First AuthorLi, Jing ; Liu, Xi-Ping
2014
Source PublicationAmerican Journal of Psychology
Correspondent Emaillxp3771@sina.com
ISSN0002-9556
SubtypeArticle
Volume127Issue:1Pages:75-85
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

This study used a matrix game to explore adolescents' and young adults' flexibility of theory of mind (ToM) and to examine whether prediction could promote a person's ToM reasoning when the opponent's level of ToM changed during the course of the game. A total of 202 participants of different ages (13, 16, 19, and 24 years) were presented with the task. Results showed that the ToM flexibility in prediction and decision making was not significantly different across the age groups. A person's flexibility of ToM was better when the opponent's level was stable than when the level changed. It was even more difficult for a person to adapt when the opponent changed from a higher-order to lower-order level. The results showed prediction to be a kind of information clue that would prompt people to think further. It is both feasible and discriminative to explore even higher levels of ToM with matrix games.

Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000332749600006
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25717
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Xi-Ping
Affiliation1.Tianjin Normal Univ, Tianjin 300387, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Jing,Liu, Xi-Ping,Tang, Wei-Hai. Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes[J]. American Journal of Psychology,2014,127(1):75-85.
APA Li, Jing,Liu, Xi-Ping,&Tang, Wei-Hai.(2014).Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes.American Journal of Psychology,127(1),75-85.
MLA Li, Jing,et al."Flexibility of Theory of Mind in a Matrix Game When the Opponent's Level Changes".American Journal of Psychology 127.1(2014):75-85.
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