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Interpretive bias of ambiguous facial expressions in older adults with depressive symptoms
Dai, Bibing1,2,3; Li, Juan1; Chen, Tingji1; Li, Qi4
第一作者Dai, Bibing
2015
发表期刊PsyCh Journal
通讯作者邮箱lijuan@psych.ac.cn
ISSN2046-0252
文章类型Article
卷号4期号:1页码:28-37
产权排序1
摘要

Cognitive theories of emotional disorders indicate that biases in cognitive processes, such as attention, memory, and interpretation, are common factors that indicate vulnerability to these disorders, although their form varies according to the type of disorder. However, most of the studies have focused on adolescence and adulthood. It is still uncertain whether cognitive biases are risk factors for late-life depression. The present study sought to explore the role of interpretive bias in older adults with depressive symptoms and whether this effect is independent of basic cognitive abilities. Therefore, 18 older adults with depressive symptoms and 21 healthy controls were compared with an ambiguous facial expression identification task, a Mini Mental Status Examination, a Trail Making Test A and B, and a Word Fluency Test. Findings revealed that the depressive group was more likely to identify more ambiguous happy-sad facial expressions as indicative of sadness than were the healthy controls, but the two groups showed no significant differences in the cognitive test scores. These results suggest that interpretive bias indicates vulnerability to late-life depression, but basic cognitive abilities may have no influence in this context.

关键词Aging Depressive Symptoms Facial Expression Interpretive Bias
DOI10.1002/pchj.85
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000214611800005
引用统计
被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25718
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Li, Juan
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Aging Psychol, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Tianjin Med Univ, Inst Psychol, Tianjin, Peoples R China
3.Tianjin Med Univ, Gen Hosp, Dept Radiol, Tianjin, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Dai, Bibing,Li, Juan,Chen, Tingji,et al. Interpretive bias of ambiguous facial expressions in older adults with depressive symptoms[J]. PsyCh Journal,2015,4(1):28-37.
APA Dai, Bibing,Li, Juan,Chen, Tingji,&Li, Qi.(2015).Interpretive bias of ambiguous facial expressions in older adults with depressive symptoms.PsyCh Journal,4(1),28-37.
MLA Dai, Bibing,et al."Interpretive bias of ambiguous facial expressions in older adults with depressive symptoms".PsyCh Journal 4.1(2015):28-37.
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