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Trait anxiety and probabilistic learning: Behavioral and electrophysiological findings
Jiang, Donghong1; Zhang, Dandan2; Chen, Yuming2; He, Zhenhong2; Gao, Qiufeng2; Gu, Ruolei3,4; Xu, Pengfei2,5
First AuthorJiang, Donghong ; Zhang, Dandan
2018-02-01
Source PublicationBIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailgurl@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0301-0511
SubtypeArticle
Volume132Issue:-Pages:17-26
QuartileQ1
Contribution Rank3
AbstractAnxiety is a negative emotion that affects various aspects of people's daily life. To explain why individuals with high anxiety tend to make suboptimal decisions, we suggest that their learning ability might play an important role. Regarding that anxiety modulates both outcome expectation and attention allocation, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the function of feedback learning should be sensitive to individual level of anxiety. However, previous studies that directly examined this hypothesis were scarce. In this study, forty-two Chinese participants were assigned to a high-trait anxiety (HTA) group or a low-trait anxiety (LTA) group according to their scores in the Trait form of Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T). Both groups finished a reward learning task in which two options were associated with different winning probabilities. The event-related potential (ERP) elicited by outcome feedback during the task was recorded and analyzed. Behavioral results revealed that, when the winning probability was 80% for one option and 20% for another, the HTA group chose the 80% winning option less often than the LTA group at the initial stage (i.e., first 20 trials) of the task, but there was no between-group difference in total number of choice. In addition, HTA participants took more time to make decisions in the 80/20 condition than in the 50/50 condition, but this effect was insignificant in the LTA group. ERP results indicated that anxiety affects learning in two ways. First, compared to their LTA counterparts, HTA participants showed a smaller feedback-related negativity (FRN) in response to negative feedback, indicating the impact of anxiety on outcome expectation. Second, HTA participants showed a larger P3 component in the 80/20 condition than in the 50/50 condition, indicating the impact of anxiety on attention allocation. Accordingly, we suggest that individuals' ability of feedback learning could be negatively modulated by anxiety.
KeywordAnxiety Feedback learning Decision-making Event-related potential (ERP) Feedback-related negativity (FRN) P3 component
DOI10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.10.010
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31571120 ; Guangdong Natural Science Foundation in China(2015A030310391) ; Humanities and Social Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China(16YJC190010) ; KQTD(2015033016104926) ; 31571124 ; 31500920)
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Behavioral Sciences
WOS SubjectPsychology, Biological ; Behavioral Sciences ; Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000425089000003
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordFEEDBACK-RELATED NEGATIVITY ; EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS ; MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX ; RISKY DECISION-MAKING ; TIME-ESTIMATION TASK ; PREFRONTAL CORTEX ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; NEUROCOGNITIVE MECHANISMS ; PATHOLOGICAL ANXIETY ; OUTCOME EVALUATION
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25729
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorGu, Ruolei
Affiliation1.Shenzhen Univ, Ctr Psychol Counseling, Shenzhen 518060, Peoples R China
2.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Key Lab Affect & Social Cognit Sci, Shenzhen 518060, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
5.Shenzhen Inst Neurosci, Ctr Emot & Brain, Shenzhen 518057, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jiang, Donghong,Zhang, Dandan,Chen, Yuming,et al. Trait anxiety and probabilistic learning: Behavioral and electrophysiological findings[J]. BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY,2018,132(-):17-26.
APA Jiang, Donghong.,Zhang, Dandan.,Chen, Yuming.,He, Zhenhong.,Gao, Qiufeng.,...&Xu, Pengfei.(2018).Trait anxiety and probabilistic learning: Behavioral and electrophysiological findings.BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY,132(-),17-26.
MLA Jiang, Donghong,et al."Trait anxiety and probabilistic learning: Behavioral and electrophysiological findings".BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 132.-(2018):17-26.
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