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High-functioning autism patients share similar but more severe impairments in verbal theory of mind than schizophrenia patients
Tin, L. N. W.1; Lui, S. S. Y.1,2; Ho, K. K. Y.1; Hung, K. S. Y.1; Wang, Y.2; Yeung, H. K. H.1; Wong, T. Y.1,3; Lam, S. M.1; Chan, R. C. K.2,4; Cheung, E. F. C.1
2018-06-01
发表期刊PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE
ISSN0033-2917
卷号48期号:8页码:1264-1273
摘要Background. Evidence suggests that autism and schizophrenia share similarities in genetic, neuropsychological and behavioural aspects. Although both disorders are associated with theory of mind (ToM) impairments, a few studies have directly compared ToM between autism patients and schizophrenia patients. This study aimed to investigate to what extent high-functioning autism patients and schizophrenia patients share and differ in ToM performance. Methods. Thirty high-functioning autism patients, 30 schizophrenia patients and 30 healthy individuals were recruited. Participants were matched in age, gender and estimated intelligence quotient. The verbal-based Faux Pas Task and the visual-based Yoni Task were utilised to examine first- and higher-order, affective and cognitive ToM. The task/item difficulty of two paradigms was examined using mixed model analyses of variance (ANOVAs). Multiple ANOVAs and mixed model ANOVAs were used to examine group differences in ToM. Results. The Faux Pas Task was more difficult than the Yoni Task. High-functioning autism patients showed more severely impaired verbal-based ToM in the Faux Pas Task, but shared similar visual-based ToM impairments in the Yoni Task with schizophrenia patients. Conclusions. The findings that individuals with high-functioning autism shared similar but more severe impairments in verbal ToM than individuals with schizophrenia support the autism-schizophrenia continuum. The finding that verbal-based but not visual-based ToM was more impaired in high-functioning autism patients than schizophrenia patients could be attributable to the varied task/item difficulty between the two paradigms.
关键词High-functioning autism mentalising schizophrenia theory of mind
DOI10.1017/S0033291717002690
语种英语
项目资助者Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Grant ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T ; National Science Fund China
资助项目Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Grant[Z161100000216138] ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T[Z151100000315020] ; National Science Fund China[31400884]
WOS研究方向Psychology ; Psychiatry
WOS类目Psychology, Clinical ; Psychiatry ; Psychology
WOS记录号WOS:000432396700004
出版者CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
关键词[WOS]ASPERGERS-SYNDROME ; CHILDHOOD PSYCHOSES ; SPECTRUM DISORDERS ; PREFRONTAL LESIONS ; NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS ; FRONTAL-LOBE ; METAANALYSIS ; ADOLESCENTS ; CHILDREN ; CLASSIFICATION
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25746
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
健康与遗传心理学研究室
通讯作者Lui, S. S. Y.
作者单位1.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Aachen, Germany
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Tin, L. N. W.,Lui, S. S. Y.,Ho, K. K. Y.,et al. High-functioning autism patients share similar but more severe impairments in verbal theory of mind than schizophrenia patients[J]. PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE,2018,48(8):1264-1273.
APA Tin, L. N. W..,Lui, S. S. Y..,Ho, K. K. Y..,Hung, K. S. Y..,Wang, Y..,...&Cheung, E. F. C..(2018).High-functioning autism patients share similar but more severe impairments in verbal theory of mind than schizophrenia patients.PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE,48(8),1264-1273.
MLA Tin, L. N. W.,et al."High-functioning autism patients share similar but more severe impairments in verbal theory of mind than schizophrenia patients".PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE 48.8(2018):1264-1273.
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