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The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network
Ding, Jinfeng1,2; Liu, Wenjuan1,2; Yang, Yufang1,2; Yufang Yang
2017-12-04
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
通讯作者邮箱yangyf@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号8页码:1-10
产权排序1
摘要

On the basis of previous studies revealing a processing advantage of concrete words over abstract words, the current study aimed to further explore the influence of concreteness on the integration of novel words into semantic memory with the event related potential (ERP) technique. In the experiment during the learning phase participants read two-sentence contexts and inferred the meaning of novel words. The novel words were two-character non-words in Chinese language. Their meaning was either a concrete or abstract known concept which could be inferred from the contexts. During the testing phase participants performed a lexical decision task in which the learned novel words served as primes for either their corresponding concepts, semantically related or unrelated targets. For the concrete novel words, the semantically related words belonged to the same semantic categories with their corresponding concepts. For the abstract novel words, the semantically related words were synonyms of their corresponding concepts. The unrelated targets were real words which were concrete or abstract for the concrete or abstract novel words respectively. The ERP results showed that the corresponding concepts and the semantically related words elicited smaller N400s than the unrelated words. The N400 effect was not modulated by the concreteness of the concepts. In addition, the concrete corresponding concepts elicited a smaller late positive component (LPC) than the concrete unrelated words. This LPC effect was absent for the abstract words. The results indicate that although both concrete and abstract novel words can be acquired and linked to their related words in the semantic network after a short learning phase, the concrete novel words are learned better. Our findings support the (extended) dual coding theory and broaden our understanding of adult word learning and changes in concept organization.

关键词concreteness novel word learning context semantic memory ERP
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02111
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y6CX212007) ; CPSF-CAS Joint Foundation for Excellent Postdoctoral Fellows(2016LH0015) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(61433018)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000416928100001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS ; DUAL-CODING THEORY ; CONTEXT-AVAILABILITY ; MEANING ACQUISITION ; LEXICAL DECISIONS ; ABSTRACT CONCEPTS ; BRAIN ; COMPREHENSION ; FREQUENCY ; N400
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26006
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Yufang Yang
作者单位1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Ding, Jinfeng,Liu, Wenjuan,Yang, Yufang,et al. The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8:1-10.
APA Ding, Jinfeng,Liu, Wenjuan,Yang, Yufang,&Yufang Yang.(2017).The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8,1-10.
MLA Ding, Jinfeng,et al."The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8(2017):1-10.
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