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The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network
Ding, Jinfeng1,2; Liu, Wenjuan1,2; Yang, Yufang1,2; Yufang Yang
2017-12-04
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailyangyf@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume8Pages:1-10
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

On the basis of previous studies revealing a processing advantage of concrete words over abstract words, the current study aimed to further explore the influence of concreteness on the integration of novel words into semantic memory with the event related potential (ERP) technique. In the experiment during the learning phase participants read two-sentence contexts and inferred the meaning of novel words. The novel words were two-character non-words in Chinese language. Their meaning was either a concrete or abstract known concept which could be inferred from the contexts. During the testing phase participants performed a lexical decision task in which the learned novel words served as primes for either their corresponding concepts, semantically related or unrelated targets. For the concrete novel words, the semantically related words belonged to the same semantic categories with their corresponding concepts. For the abstract novel words, the semantically related words were synonyms of their corresponding concepts. The unrelated targets were real words which were concrete or abstract for the concrete or abstract novel words respectively. The ERP results showed that the corresponding concepts and the semantically related words elicited smaller N400s than the unrelated words. The N400 effect was not modulated by the concreteness of the concepts. In addition, the concrete corresponding concepts elicited a smaller late positive component (LPC) than the concrete unrelated words. This LPC effect was absent for the abstract words. The results indicate that although both concrete and abstract novel words can be acquired and linked to their related words in the semantic network after a short learning phase, the concrete novel words are learned better. Our findings support the (extended) dual coding theory and broaden our understanding of adult word learning and changes in concept organization.

Keywordconcreteness novel word learning context semantic memory ERP
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02111
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationScientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y6CX212007) ; CPSF-CAS Joint Foundation for Excellent Postdoctoral Fellows(2016LH0015) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(61433018)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000416928100001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordEVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS ; DUAL-CODING THEORY ; CONTEXT-AVAILABILITY ; MEANING ACQUISITION ; LEXICAL DECISIONS ; ABSTRACT CONCEPTS ; BRAIN ; COMPREHENSION ; FREQUENCY ; N400
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26006
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYufang Yang
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ding, Jinfeng,Liu, Wenjuan,Yang, Yufang,et al. The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8:1-10.
APA Ding, Jinfeng,Liu, Wenjuan,Yang, Yufang,&Yufang Yang.(2017).The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8,1-10.
MLA Ding, Jinfeng,et al."The Influence of Concreteness of Concepts on the Integration of Novel Words in to the Semantic Network".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8(2017):1-10.
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