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The relationship between personality and the response to acute psychological stress
Xin, Yuanyuan1,4; Wu, Jianhui1; Yao, Zhuxi2,3; Guan, Qing1; Aleman, Andre1,4; Luo, Yuejia1
2017-12-04
Source PublicationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Pages:1-8
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

The present study examined the relationship between personality traits and the response to acute psychological stress induced by a standardized laboratory stress induction procedure (the Trier Social Stress Test, TSST). The stress response was measured with a combination of cardiovascular reactivity, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity, and subjective affect (including positive affect, negative affect and subjective controllability) in healthy individuals. The Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) approach was applied to account for the relationship between personality traits and stress responses. Results suggested that higher neuroticism predicted lower heart rate stress reactivity, lower cortisol stress response, more decline of positive affect and lower subjective controllability. Individuals higher in extraversion showed smaller cortisol activation to stress and less increase of negative affect. In addition, higher openness score was associated with lower cortisol stress response. These findings elucidate that neuroticism, extraversion and openness are important variables associated with the stress response and different dimensions of personality trait are associated with different aspects of the stress response.

DOI10.1038/s41598-017-17053-2
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31571129 ; Natural Science Foundation of SZU(000174) ; 31530031 ; 81371203 ; 31771246)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000417025400087
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordLONGITUDINAL DATA-ANALYSIS ; HPA AXIS RESPONSES ; PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS ; CORTISOL RESPONSES ; BRAIN ; NEUROTICISM ; ADAPTATION ; OPENNESS ; TRAITS ; OPENNESS/INTELLECT
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26009
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Key Lab Affect & Social Cognit Sci, Shenzhen 518060, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, NL-9713 GZ Groningen, Netherlands
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xin, Yuanyuan,Wu, Jianhui,Yao, Zhuxi,et al. The relationship between personality and the response to acute psychological stress[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2017,7:1-8.
APA Xin, Yuanyuan,Wu, Jianhui,Yao, Zhuxi,Guan, Qing,Aleman, Andre,&Luo, Yuejia.(2017).The relationship between personality and the response to acute psychological stress.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,7,1-8.
MLA Xin, Yuanyuan,et al."The relationship between personality and the response to acute psychological stress".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 7(2017):1-8.
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