PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations
Yang, Xiaohong1,2,3; Zhang, Xiuping1,2; Wang, Cheng4; Chang, Ruohan1,2; Li, Weijun5
2017-12-08
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailyangxh@psych.ac.cn ; li_wj@126.com
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume8Pages:1-9
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that focusing an element can enhance the activation of the focused element and bring about a number of processing benefits. However, whether and how this local prominence of information interacts with global discourse organization remains unclear. In the present study, we addressed this issue in two experiments. Readers were presented with four-sentence discourses. The first sentence of each discourse contained a critical word that was either focused or unfocused in relation to a wh-question preceding the discourse. The second sentence either maintained or shifted the topic of the first sentence. Participants were told to read for comprehension and for a probe recognition task in which the memory of the critical words was tested. In Experiment 1, when the probe words were tested immediately after the point of topic shift, we found shorter response times for the focused critical words than the unfocused ones regardless of topic manipulation. However, in Experiment 2, when the probe words were tested two sentences away from the point of topic shift, we found the facilitation effect of focus only in the topic-maintained discourses, but not in the topic-shifted discourses. This suggests that the facilitation effect of focus was not immediately suppressed at the point of topic shifting, but when additional information was added to the new topic. Our findings provide evidence for the dynamic interplay between global topic structure and local salience of information and have important implications on how activation of information fluctuates in mental representation.

KeywordFocus Topic Shift Facilitation Suppression Discourse Comprehension Memory
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02184
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31400968 ; 31000505 ; 61433018)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000417481700001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordLinguistic Focus ; Narrative Comprehension ; Text Comprehension ; Chinese Discourse ; Pragmatic Factors ; Eye-movements ; Memory ; Model ; Accessibility ; Information
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26014
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Jiangsu Normal Univ, Jiangsu Collaborat Innovat Ctr Language Abil, Xuzhou, Peoples R China
4.Zhejiang Univ Technol, Dept Psychol, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
5.Liaoning Normal Univ, Res Ctr Brain & Cognit Neurosci, Dalian, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Xiaohong,Zhang, Xiuping,Wang, Cheng,et al. The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8:1-9.
APA Yang, Xiaohong,Zhang, Xiuping,Wang, Cheng,Chang, Ruohan,&Li, Weijun.(2017).The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8,1-9.
MLA Yang, Xiaohong,et al."The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8(2017):1-9.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
The Interplay betwee(627KB)期刊论文作者接受稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Yang, Xiaohong]'s Articles
[Zhang, Xiuping]'s Articles
[Wang, Cheng]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Yang, Xiaohong]'s Articles
[Zhang, Xiuping]'s Articles
[Wang, Cheng]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Yang, Xiaohong]'s Articles
[Zhang, Xiuping]'s Articles
[Wang, Cheng]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.