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The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations
Yang, Xiaohong1,2,3; Zhang, Xiuping1,2; Wang, Cheng4; Chang, Ruohan1,2; Li, Weijun5
2017-12-08
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
通讯作者邮箱yangxh@psych.ac.cn ; li_wj@126.com
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号8页码:1-9
产权排序1
摘要

Previous studies have suggested that focusing an element can enhance the activation of the focused element and bring about a number of processing benefits. However, whether and how this local prominence of information interacts with global discourse organization remains unclear. In the present study, we addressed this issue in two experiments. Readers were presented with four-sentence discourses. The first sentence of each discourse contained a critical word that was either focused or unfocused in relation to a wh-question preceding the discourse. The second sentence either maintained or shifted the topic of the first sentence. Participants were told to read for comprehension and for a probe recognition task in which the memory of the critical words was tested. In Experiment 1, when the probe words were tested immediately after the point of topic shift, we found shorter response times for the focused critical words than the unfocused ones regardless of topic manipulation. However, in Experiment 2, when the probe words were tested two sentences away from the point of topic shift, we found the facilitation effect of focus only in the topic-maintained discourses, but not in the topic-shifted discourses. This suggests that the facilitation effect of focus was not immediately suppressed at the point of topic shifting, but when additional information was added to the new topic. Our findings provide evidence for the dynamic interplay between global topic structure and local salience of information and have important implications on how activation of information fluctuates in mental representation.

关键词Focus Topic Shift Facilitation Suppression Discourse Comprehension Memory
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02184
收录类别SSCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31400968 ; 31000505 ; 61433018)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000417481700001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]Linguistic Focus ; Narrative Comprehension ; Text Comprehension ; Chinese Discourse ; Pragmatic Factors ; Eye-movements ; Memory ; Model ; Accessibility ; Information
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26014
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Jiangsu Normal Univ, Jiangsu Collaborat Innovat Ctr Language Abil, Xuzhou, Peoples R China
4.Zhejiang Univ Technol, Dept Psychol, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
5.Liaoning Normal Univ, Res Ctr Brain & Cognit Neurosci, Dalian, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Yang, Xiaohong,Zhang, Xiuping,Wang, Cheng,et al. The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8:1-9.
APA Yang, Xiaohong,Zhang, Xiuping,Wang, Cheng,Chang, Ruohan,&Li, Weijun.(2017).The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8,1-9.
MLA Yang, Xiaohong,et al."The Interplay between Topic Shift and Focus in the Dynamic Construction of Discourse Representations".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8(2017):1-9.
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