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Early maladaptive schemas as mediators between childhood maltreatment and later psychological distress among Chinese college students
Gong, Jingbo1,2; Chan, Raymond C. K.1; R.C.K. Chan
2018
Source PublicationPSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
Correspondent Emailrckchan@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0165-1781
SubtypeArticle
Volume259Pages:493-500
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

The aim of the current study was to examine whether early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) mediate the association between different kinds of childhood maltreatment and later psychopathology and the effect of different kinds of childhood maltreatment on psychological distress in later life. A total of 1102 college students from two local universities participated in the study; their average age was 20.46 +/- 1.13 years. The participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Early Maladaptive Schemas Scale (EMSs), the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Later psychological distress had a significant positive correlation with childhood EMSs, and almost all of the variables measuring childhood maltreatment had a significant positive correlation with EMSs. Structural equation modeling and mediation analyses were conducted based on Bootstrap estimations; the mediation analyses demonstrated the utility of EMSs as the mechanism through which childhood maltreatment has an indirect effect on later psychological distress. Moreover, the study found that emotional abuse had the strongest overall effect of all five types of child maltreatment on later psychological distress, followed in order of magnitude by emotional neglect, physical neglect, sexual abuse, and physical abuse.

KeywordChildhood maltreatment Early maladaptive schemas Psychological health Mediation analysis
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2017.11.019
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationChina Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2016M591278) ; Hunan Province Natural Science Foundation(2017JJ3240) ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T(Z151100000315020) ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Grant(Z161100000216138) ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000423648700078
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordPOSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER ; ADULT PSYCHIATRIC OUTPATIENTS ; NEGATIVE COGNITIVE STYLES ; ANXIETY DISORDERS ; MAJOR DEPRESSION ; SEXUAL-ABUSE ; LIFE EVENTS ; EMOTIONAL MALTREATMENT ; SYMPTOM SEVERITY ; SOCIAL ANXIETY
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26029
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorR.C.K. Chan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Hunan Univ Chinese Med, Dept Appl Psychol, Changsha 410208, Hunan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gong, Jingbo,Chan, Raymond C. K.,R.C.K. Chan. Early maladaptive schemas as mediators between childhood maltreatment and later psychological distress among Chinese college students[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2018,259:493-500.
APA Gong, Jingbo,Chan, Raymond C. K.,&R.C.K. Chan.(2018).Early maladaptive schemas as mediators between childhood maltreatment and later psychological distress among Chinese college students.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,259,493-500.
MLA Gong, Jingbo,et al."Early maladaptive schemas as mediators between childhood maltreatment and later psychological distress among Chinese college students".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 259(2018):493-500.
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