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A comparison between the effectiveness of PBL and LBL on improving problem-solving abilities of medical students using questioning
He, Yunfeng1,2; Du, Xiangyun3,5; Toft, Egon6; Zhang, Xingli2; Qu, Bo7; Shi, Jiannong2,4; Zhang, Huan2; Zhang, Hui2; Jiannong Shi
2018
Source PublicationINNOVATIONS IN EDUCATION AND TEACHING INTERNATIONAL
Correspondent Emailshijn@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1470-3297
SubtypeArticle
Volume55Issue:1Pages:44-54
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

In daily patient-history taking and diagnosis practice, doctors ask questions to gather information from patients and narrow down diagnostic hypotheses. Training medical students to be efficient problem solvers through the use of questioning is therefore important. In this study, the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) and lecture-based learning in improving the questioning abilities of medical students (N=104) was assessed by a modified 20-question task. In this task, the participants were asked to identify target pictures by asking questions, the problem-solving process of which resembles that of the diagnosis scenario. Moreover, this task requires no medical knowledge, and therefore allows knowledge-irrelevant questioning abilities to be assessed independently. The results show that PBL students generally ask more efficient questions and use fewer questions to complete the task. This finding suggests that PBL curricula may help improve the questioning strategies of medical students and help them diagnose more efficiently in future diagnosis practice.

KeywordPBL problem solving questioning 20 questions Medical Education
DOI10.1080/14703297.2017.1290539
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationEvaluation on Creative Talent Development and Cultivation during the Essential Education Stages in Beijing ; Index System of Study on Creative Talent Development and Cultivation during the Essential Education Stages in Beijing
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research
WOS SubjectEducation & Educational Research
WOS IDWOS:000425699900006
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordSKILLS ; EDUCATION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26045
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorJiannong Shi
Affiliation1.Liaoning Univ, Student Psychol Counseling Ctr, Shenyang, Liaoning, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Problem & Project Based Learning, Aalborg, Denmark
4.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
5.Qatar Univ, Coll Educ, Doha, Qatar
6.Qatar Univ, Coll Med, Doha, Qatar
7.China Med Univ, Res Ctr Med Educ, Shenyang, Liaoning, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He, Yunfeng,Du, Xiangyun,Toft, Egon,et al. A comparison between the effectiveness of PBL and LBL on improving problem-solving abilities of medical students using questioning[J]. INNOVATIONS IN EDUCATION AND TEACHING INTERNATIONAL,2018,55(1):44-54.
APA He, Yunfeng.,Du, Xiangyun.,Toft, Egon.,Zhang, Xingli.,Qu, Bo.,...&Jiannong Shi.(2018).A comparison between the effectiveness of PBL and LBL on improving problem-solving abilities of medical students using questioning.INNOVATIONS IN EDUCATION AND TEACHING INTERNATIONAL,55(1),44-54.
MLA He, Yunfeng,et al."A comparison between the effectiveness of PBL and LBL on improving problem-solving abilities of medical students using questioning".INNOVATIONS IN EDUCATION AND TEACHING INTERNATIONAL 55.1(2018):44-54.
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