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Revealing the Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Beneficial Effects of Tai Chi: A Neuroimaging Perspective
Yu, Angus P.1; Tam, Bjorn T.3; Lai, Christopher W.4; Yu, Doris S.6; Woo, Jean7; Chung, Ka-Fai2; Hui, Stanley S.8; Liu, Justina Y.5; Wei, Gao X.9; Siu, Parco M.1
2018
Source PublicationAMERICAN JOURNAL OF CHINESE MEDICINE
Correspondent Emailpmsiu@hku.hk
ISSN0192-415X
SubtypeArticle
Volume46Issue:2Pages:231-259
Contribution Rank9
Abstract

Tai Chi Chuan (TCC), a traditional Chinese martial art, is well-documented to result in beneficial consequences in physical and mental health. TCC is regarded as a mind-body exercise that is comprised of physical exercise and meditation. Favorable effects of TCC on body balance, gait, bone mineral density, metabolic parameters, anxiety, depression, cognitive function, and sleep have been previously reported. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining the effects of TCC remain largely unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have offered new investigative opportunities to reveal the effects of TCC on anatomical morphologies and neurological activities in different regions of the brain. These neuroimaging findings have provided new clues for revealing the mechanisms behind the observed effects of TCC. In this review paper, we discussed the possible effects of TCC-induced modulation of brain morphology, functional homogeneity and connectivity, regional activity and macro-scale network activity on health. Moreover, we identified possible links between the alterations in brain and beneficial effects of TCC, such as improved motor functions, pain perception, metabolic profile, cognitive functions, mental health and sleep quality. This paper aimed to stimulate further mechanistic neuroimaging studies in TCC and its effects on brain morphology, functional homogeneity and connectivity, regional activity and macro-scale network activity, which ultimately lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of TCC on human health.

KeywordTraditional Chinese Exercise Cognitive Function Mood Pain Review
DOI10.1142/S0192415X18500131
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationHealth and Medical Research Funds of Food and Health Bureau(11122361 ; Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ; People's Republic of China ; University of Hong Kong ; 12131841)
WOS Research AreaIntegrative & Complementary Medicine ; General & Internal Medicine
WOS SubjectIntegrative & Complementary Medicine ; Medicine, General & Internal
WOS IDWOS:000427506500001
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordRANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL ; QUALITY-OF-LIFE ; OLDER-ADULTS ; FUNCTIONAL CONNECTIVITY ; GRAY-MATTER ; COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT ; SLEEP COMPLAINTS ; PRIMARY INSOMNIA ; MUSCLE STRENGTH ; CLINICAL-TRIAL
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26046
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Univ Hong Kong, Li Ka Shing Fac Med, Sch Publ Hlth, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
2.Univ Hong Kong, Li Ka Shing Fac Med, Dept Psychiat, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
3.Univ North Carolina Chapel Hill, Dept Cell Biol & Physiol, Chapel Hill, NC USA
4.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Dept Hlth Technol & Informat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
5.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Sch Nursing, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Fac Med, Nethersole Sch Nursing, Shatin, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Fac Med, Dept Med & Therapeut, Shatin, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Fac Educ, Dept Sports Sci & Phys Educ, Shatin, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yu, Angus P.,Tam, Bjorn T.,Lai, Christopher W.,et al. Revealing the Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Beneficial Effects of Tai Chi: A Neuroimaging Perspective[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CHINESE MEDICINE,2018,46(2):231-259.
APA Yu, Angus P..,Tam, Bjorn T..,Lai, Christopher W..,Yu, Doris S..,Woo, Jean.,...&Siu, Parco M..(2018).Revealing the Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Beneficial Effects of Tai Chi: A Neuroimaging Perspective.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CHINESE MEDICINE,46(2),231-259.
MLA Yu, Angus P.,et al."Revealing the Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Beneficial Effects of Tai Chi: A Neuroimaging Perspective".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CHINESE MEDICINE 46.2(2018):231-259.
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