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Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study
Li, Weijun1; Deng, Nali1; Yang, Yufang2; Wang, Lin3,4; Weijun Li; Lin Wang
2018
Source PublicationLANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE
Correspondent Emailli_wj@126.com ; wanglinsisi@gmail.com
ISSN2327-3798
SubtypeArticle
Volume33Issue:2Pages:255-274
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

As an important pragmatic concept in linguistics, information structure differentiates focused/new information from background/given information. The present study investigated how the correspondence between focus (new information) and accentuation influences language processing at different positions (clause-medial vs. clause-final) of sentences in a semantic comprehension task. We found that focus elicited a larger negativity (at the clause-medial position) and a following positivity (at both the cause-medial and clause-final positions) compared to non-focus, indicating that listeners spend more cognitive resource to integrate new, focused information into discourse. Additionally, missing accent on focus elicited a negative effect, while superfluous accent on background evoked a positive effect at the late position. Furthermore, additional focus and accentuation effects were observed only at the clause-final position. The different ERP effects in the two positions suggest that listeners make online use of all available cues to process focus and accentuation in a predictive way.

KeywordInformation structure question context accentuation position ERP
DOI10.1080/23273798.2017.1387278
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31000505 ; Royal Society of the United Kingdom(31611130183) ; 31200849 ; 31471075 ; 31611130183)
WOS Research AreaAudiology & Speech-Language Pathology ; Behavioral Sciences ; Linguistics ; Psychology
WOS SubjectAudiology & Speech-Language Pathology ; Behavioral Sciences ; Linguistics ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000427736300008
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordEVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS ; LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; INFORMATION-STRUCTURE ; WORD REPETITION ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; DISCOURSE COMPREHENSION ; SENTENCE COMPREHENSION ; SEMANTIC VIOLATIONS ; LINGUISTIC FOCUS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26053
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWeijun Li; Lin Wang
Affiliation1.Liaoning Normal Univ, Res Ctr Brain & Cognit Neurosci, Dalian, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Tufts Univ, Dept Psychol, Medford, MA 02155 USA
4.Harvard Med Sch, Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Charlestown, MA USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Weijun,Deng, Nali,Yang, Yufang,et al. Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study[J]. LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE,2018,33(2):255-274.
APA Li, Weijun,Deng, Nali,Yang, Yufang,Wang, Lin,Weijun Li,&Lin Wang.(2018).Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study.LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE,33(2),255-274.
MLA Li, Weijun,et al."Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study".LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE 33.2(2018):255-274.
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