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Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study
Li, Weijun1; Deng, Nali1; Yang, Yufang2; Wang, Lin3,4; Weijun Li; Lin Wang
2018
发表期刊LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE
通讯作者邮箱li_wj@126.com ; wanglinsisi@gmail.com
ISSN2327-3798
文章类型Article
卷号33期号:2页码:255-274
产权排序2
摘要

As an important pragmatic concept in linguistics, information structure differentiates focused/new information from background/given information. The present study investigated how the correspondence between focus (new information) and accentuation influences language processing at different positions (clause-medial vs. clause-final) of sentences in a semantic comprehension task. We found that focus elicited a larger negativity (at the clause-medial position) and a following positivity (at both the cause-medial and clause-final positions) compared to non-focus, indicating that listeners spend more cognitive resource to integrate new, focused information into discourse. Additionally, missing accent on focus elicited a negative effect, while superfluous accent on background evoked a positive effect at the late position. Furthermore, additional focus and accentuation effects were observed only at the clause-final position. The different ERP effects in the two positions suggest that listeners make online use of all available cues to process focus and accentuation in a predictive way.

关键词Information structure question context accentuation position ERP
DOI10.1080/23273798.2017.1387278
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31000505 ; Royal Society of the United Kingdom(31611130183) ; 31200849 ; 31471075 ; 31611130183)
WOS研究方向Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology ; Behavioral Sciences ; Linguistics ; Psychology
WOS类目Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology ; Behavioral Sciences ; Linguistics ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000427736300008
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS ; LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; INFORMATION-STRUCTURE ; WORD REPETITION ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; DISCOURSE COMPREHENSION ; SENTENCE COMPREHENSION ; SEMANTIC VIOLATIONS ; LINGUISTIC FOCUS
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26053
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Weijun Li; Lin Wang
作者单位1.Liaoning Normal Univ, Res Ctr Brain & Cognit Neurosci, Dalian, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Tufts Univ, Dept Psychol, Medford, MA 02155 USA
4.Harvard Med Sch, Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Charlestown, MA USA
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Li, Weijun,Deng, Nali,Yang, Yufang,et al. Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study[J]. LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE,2018,33(2):255-274.
APA Li, Weijun,Deng, Nali,Yang, Yufang,Wang, Lin,Weijun Li,&Lin Wang.(2018).Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study.LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE,33(2),255-274.
MLA Li, Weijun,et al."Process focus and accentuation at different positions in dialogues: an ERP study".LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE 33.2(2018):255-274.
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