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Being oneself through time: Bases of self-continuity across 55 cultures
Becker, Maja1; Vignoles, Vivian L.2; Owe, Ellinor2; Easterbrook, Matthew J.2; Brown, Rupert2; Smith, Peter B.2; Abuhamdeh, Sami3; Cendales Ayala, Boris4; Gardarsdottir, Ragna B.5; Torres, Ana6; Camino, Leoncio6; Bond, Michael Harris7; Nizharadze, George8; Amponsah, Benjamin9; Schweiger Gallo, Inge10; Prieto Gil, Paula10; Lorente Clemares, Raquel10; Campara, Gabriella10; Espinosa, Agustin11; Yuki, Masaki12; Zhang, Xiao13; Zhang, Jianxin14; Zinkeng, Martina15; Villamar, Juan A.16; Kusdil, Ersin17; Caglar, Selinay18; Regalia, Camillo19; Manzi, Claudia19; Brambilla, Maria19; Bourguignon, David20; Moeller, Bettina21; Fulop, Marta22,23; Macapagal, Ma. Elizabeth J.24; Pyszczynski, Tom25; Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit26; Gausel, Nicolay27; Kesebir, Pelin28; Herman, Ginette29; Courtois, Marie29; Harb, Charles30; Jalal, Baland31; Tatarko, Alexander32; Aldhafri, Said33; Kreuzbauer, Robert34; Koller, Silvia H.35,47; Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu36; Fischer, Ronald37; Milfont, Taciano L.37; Des Rosiers, Sabrina E.38; Jaafar, Jas Laile39; Martin, Mariana40; Baguma, Peter41; Lv, Shaobo42; Schwartz, Seth J.43; Gavreliuc, Alin44; Fritsche, Immo45; Gonzalez, Roberto46; Didier, Nicolas46; Carrasco, Diego46; Lay, Siugmin46,48; Maja Becker
Source PublicationSELF AND IDENTITY
Contribution Rank14

Self-continuity - the sense that one's past, present, and future are meaningfully connected - is considered a defining feature of personal identity. However, bases of self-continuity may depend on cultural beliefs about personhood. In multilevel analyses of data from 7287 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations, we tested a new tripartite theoretical model of bases of self-continuity. As expected, perceptions of stability, sense of narrative, and associative links to one's past each contributed to predicting the extent to which people derived a sense of self-continuity from different aspects of their identities. Ways of constructing self-continuity were moderated by cultural and individual differences in mutable (vs. immutable) personhood beliefs - the belief that human attributes are malleable. Individuals with lower mutability beliefs based self-continuity more on stability; members of cultures where mutability beliefs were higher based self-continuity more on narrative. Bases of self-continuity were also moderated by cultural variation in contextualized (vs. decontextualized) personhood beliefs, indicating a link to cultural individualism-collectivism. Our results illustrate the cultural flexibility of the motive for self-continuity.

KeywordIdentity culture self-continuity mutability personhood beliefs mindset
Indexed BySSCI
Funding OrganizationEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC, UK)(RES-062-23-1300) ; ESRC(ES/G015074/1) ; Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Cientifico y Tecnologico(FONDECYT/1161371) ; Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Research (CIIR)(FONDAP/15110006) ; Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies(FONDAP/15130009)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000428306700003
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorMaja Becker
Affiliation1.Univ Toulouse, CNRS, CLLE, UT2J, Toulouse, France
2.Univ Sussex, Sch Psychol, Brighton, E Sussex, England
3.Istanbul Sehir Univ, Dept Psychol, Istanbul, Turkey
4.Univ Los Andes, Dept Psychol, Bogota, Colombia
5.Univ Iceland, Dept Psychol, Reykjavik, Iceland
6.Univ Fed Paraiba, Dept Psychol, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
7.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Management & Mkt, Fac Business, Kowloon, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
8.Free Univ Tbilisi, Dept Social Sci, Tbilisi, Rep of Georgia
9.Univ Ghana, Dept Psychol, Legon, Ghana
10.Univ Complutense Madrid, Dept Psicol Social, Madrid, Spain
11.Pontificia Univ Catolica Peru, Dept Psychol, Lima, Peru
12.Hokkaido Univ, Dept Behav Sci, Ctr Expt Res Social Sci, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
13.Osaka Univ, Grad Sch Human Sci, Osaka, Japan
14.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
15.Univ Buea, Dept Guidance Counselling, Buea, Cameroon
16.Northwestern Univ, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Evanston, IL USA
17.Uludag Univ, Dept Psychol, Bursa, Turkey
18.Ankara Univ, Dept Psychol, Ankara, Turkey
19.Catholic Univ Milan, Dept Psychol, Milan, Italy
20.Lorraine Univ, Equipe PErSEUs EA 7312, Nancy, France
21.Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Psychol, Jena, Germany
22.Hungarian Acad Sci, Inst Cognit Neurosci & Psychol, Budapest, Hungary
23.Eotvos Lorand Univ, Budapest, Hungary
24.Ateneo Manila Univ, Dept Psychol, Quezon City, Philippines
25.Univ Colorado, Dept Psychol, Colorado Springs, CO USA
26.Thammasat Univ, Div Psychol, Dept Psychol Lib Sci & Geog, Fac Liberal Arts, Bangkok, Thailand
27.Univ Agder, Dept Psychosocial Hlth, Kristiansand, Norway
28.Univ Wisconsin, Ctr Hlth Minds, Madison, WI USA
29.Catholic Univ Louvain, Psychol Sci Res Inst, Louvain La Neuve, Belgium
30.Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Psychol, Beirut, Lebanon
31.Univ Cambridge, Dept Psychiat, Cambridge, England
32.Natl Res Univ Higher Sch Econ, Dept Psychol, Moscow, Russia
33.Sultan Qaboos Univ, Dept Psychol, Muscat, Oman
34.Univ Surrey, Surrey Business Sch, Guildford, Surrey, England
35.Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Psychol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
36.Univ Addis Ababa, Sch Psychol, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
37.Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Psychol, Ctr Appl Cross Cultural Res, Wellington, New Zealand
38.Barry Univ, Dept Psychol, Miami Shores, FL USA
39.Univ Malaya, Dept Educ Psychol & Counseling, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
40.Univ Namibia, Dept Human Sci, Windhoek, Namibia
41.Makerere Univ, Dept Educ Social & Org Psychol, Kampala, Uganda
42.North China Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Psychol, Tangshan, Peoples R China
43.Univ Miami, Leonard M Miller Sch Med, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Coral Gables, FL 33124 USA
44.West Univ Timisoara, Dept Psychol, Timisoara, Romania
45.Univ Leipzig, Inst Psychol, Leipzig, Germany
46.Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Sch Psychol, Santiago, Chile
47.North West Univ, Dept Psychol, Optentia, South Africa
48.Royal Holloway Univ London, Dept Psychol, London, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Becker, Maja,Vignoles, Vivian L.,Owe, Ellinor,et al. Being oneself through time: Bases of self-continuity across 55 cultures[J]. SELF AND IDENTITY,2018,17(3):276-293.
APA Becker, Maja.,Vignoles, Vivian L..,Owe, Ellinor.,Easterbrook, Matthew J..,Brown, Rupert.,...&Maja Becker.(2018).Being oneself through time: Bases of self-continuity across 55 cultures.SELF AND IDENTITY,17(3),276-293.
MLA Becker, Maja,et al."Being oneself through time: Bases of self-continuity across 55 cultures".SELF AND IDENTITY 17.3(2018):276-293.
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