PSYCH OpenIR  > 社会与工程心理学研究室
Alternative TitleThe Influence of Emnlovee Authenticity on Job Burnout: the Mediating Role of Ego Depletion
Thesis Advisor王詠
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword员工真实性 自我损耗 工作倦怠 工作绩效


Other Abstract

     Job burnout is: the combination of a gradual loss of individual skills and a state of giving fatigue responses. In the field of organizational behavior, in the occupation where people are the target of work, the workers have a long-term irritability at a static level because they have long lived in situations where the objective work environment required them to put in resources continually. The gradual loss of restless individual skills is reflected in the three dimensions of emotional loss, personality grooming, and low一achieving sensibility; the dynamic level mainly serves as a kind of chronic fatigue response and  state  caused by individuals'  continuous  input of resources to their work. Gradually, there is a process of changing attitudes, emotions,and behaviors that are not easily perceived and perceived to negatively affect work outcome variables such as job performance.

    Because job burnout can directly affect the status of employees, which can lead to damage to the economic benefits of enterprises and organizations, it is widely concerned  throughout  the  field  of  organizational  behavior  and  management psychology. The previous studies mainly focused on the explanation and description, analyzed the antecedent variables and outcome variables that could easily lead to job burnout, attempted to reduce burnout from the aspect of reducing the antecedent factors, but the cost was relatively large and with small effect. In recent years, in the background of positive psychology, positive psychological quality has gradually become the focus. Authenticity, as the core quality of an individual, represents an individual's uncontested display of the character of the truest self, and can be used as a resource that supplements job burnout to reduce losses, thereby reducing job burnout and improving work performance.
    Based on the accumulation and analysis of the literature, this study explores the relationship of authenticity and job burnout from a new perspective: Authenticity reduces job burnout by supplementing ego-depletion, by using questionnaires and lab experiments. The study is divided into two sub-studies:  Study  1  discusses the relationship between  variables  (employee confirmabifity,  self-depletion,  and job burnout) by scale measurement; Study 2 explored the causal relationship of three variables by laboratory behavioral experiments. The causal relationship and the initiation of different levels of authenticity can have an impact on employees'cognitive ability and job performance.
    The results show that: (1)The authenticity of employees negatively affects job burnout, and ego-depletion plays a partial mediating role in the negative relationship between employee authenticity and job burnout, and the mediating role has a causal link, that is, employee authenticity reduces job burnout through the decrease of ego-depletion.  (2)  Initiating  different levels  of  employee  authenticity produces different effects on employees' cognitive abilities and cognitive conversion abilities,which in turn can have different and significant effects on their work performance.The  employee's  cognitive  ability  and  conversion  ability initiated  by  the  high authenticity level are strong, and at the same time, their work performance is promoted; the employees' cognitive ability and conversion ability initiated by the low authenticity level are weak and their work performance is negative.
    The contribution of this research is to enrich the theories and research methods of employee authenticity, ego-depletion and job burnout in organizational behavior and management psychology. On the other hand, this research used laboratory experiments to activate the authenticity of employees for the first time and verified that employee authenticity could reduce job burnout and increase job performance.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张若冰. 员工真实性对工作倦怠的影响:自我损耗的中介效应[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2018.
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