PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
城市职业女性低二孩生育意向的心理机制
Alternative TitlePsychological Mechanisms Underlying Women's Low Intention to Have Second Child
刘宇婕
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor陈杰
2018-05
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline健康心理学
Keyword全面二孩 低二孩生育意向 主题分析 预期养育效能不足 自我实现冲突
Abstract

    2016年起我国开始实施“全面二孩”的生育政策,以此来调整我国的生育状况、改善人口老龄化结构。然而,政策实施后二孩出生数量不及预期,且调查显示一孩妈妈(尤其是大城市的职业女性)生育二孩的意向并不高。由于生育意向对生育行为有很强的预测性,有必要对女性低生育(二孩)意向的心理因素进行考察。
    本文采用质性研究方法,对北京市28位低二孩生育意向的职业女性进行访谈,并对访谈资料进行了主题分析,探究目前女性低二孩生育意向的心理机制。通过对访谈材料进行逐级编码,提取出了六个高级主题:“预期个人能力不足”、“感到家庭和社会支持有限”、“认为育儿成本太高”、“感到优育的压力”、“生二孩阻碍女性职业价值感实现”、“生二孩牺牲个人生活”。在高级主题的基础上,提出两个核心主题:“预期的养育效能不足限制养育两个优秀的孩子”和“与自我实现的冲突减弱了生育二孩的意向”。
    同时本研究通过网络收集到二孩妈妈们对于“全面二孩”政策和自己生活状态的留言200条,和两篇发布于微信公众号的二孩妈妈生活日记,并对上述文本资料进行主题分析,提取了“感到个人能力不足”、“家庭支持不足”、“育儿成本太高”、“体会到成就感”、“母亲角色的自我实现”五个高级主题。最后,抽取出两个核心主题:“生二孩后感到养育效能不足”和“两个孩子健康成长使母亲获得成就感和自我实现”。
    研究结论:女性“预期养育效能不足”和“自我实现冲突”是影响职业女性低二孩生育意向的主要心理机制。

Other Abstract

   Since 2016, China has begun to implement the "comprehensive two-child"
fertility policy, in order to adjust the country's reproductive status and improve the
population aging structure. However, the policy's effect is lower than expected, and
the survey shows that the intention to have second child is low in mothers with one
child, especially those working mothers in big cities. Given the strong prediction of
fertility intention on fertility behavior, it is necessary to investigate the psychological
factors underlying female's low second childbirth intention.
    This  study  used  the  qualitative  research  method  and  collected  in-depth
interviewing data from 26 females working in Beijing. Through successive coding
and thematic analysis, we extracted six higher-order themes: "expected constrained
personal capabilities"" insufficient familial and social support"“perceived heavy cost
of raising children"“perceived pressure to be good enough parents”“second
childbirth prevents the fulfilling women's career values”and“second childbirth
sacrifice personal life".Finally, two core themes were integrated:“expected limited
nurturing efficacy constrain to foster two good children”and“conflicts with
self-fulfillment weakening the second childbirth intention"
    We also collected 200 text messages from Internet and two life diaries of two
children's  mothers from  WeChat,  and  conducted theme analysis  in these text
materials. We extracted five higher-order themes: "perceived constrained personal
capabilities"“insufficient familial and support"“perceived heavy cost of raising
children"“perceived accomplishment"  and  "fulfillment of motherhood". Finally,
two core themes were integrated:“perceived constrained nurturing efficacy after
having second child"and "two kids' healthy growing make mother feel accomplished
and self-fulfilling”
    Conclusion: The "expected constrained nurturing efficacy" and "conflict with
self-fulfillment"  are  two  core  psychological  mechanisms  underlying  working
women's low intention to have second child

Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26133
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Affiliation中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘宇婕. 城市职业女性低二孩生育意向的心理机制[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2018.
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