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大学生爱情风格及其相似性对关系质量的影响
其他题名The Effects of Love Styles and Its Similarity on the College Dating Couples' Relationship Oualitv
霍凯芳
学位类型硕士
导师周明洁
2018-06
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业应用心理学
关键词爱情风格 关系质量 非线性 相似性 潜在剖面分析
摘要

    大学生处于始成年期,恋爱关系的探索是其过渡向成年人时重要的发展任务,此时关注的一个核心问题是“我该选择怎样的人作为伴侣共渡一生”。这就涉及到两个问题:一是恋爱对象的选择匹配,二是选择怎样的对象有助于关系的良性发展。爱情风格的匹配是婚恋匹配中一个重要方面,并且爱情风格对恋爱关系质量中的满意度、激情、承诺、冲突等各方面都有重要的影响。基于此本研究试图通过两个子研究,结合个体层面和对象层面,来考察在中国文化背景下爱情风格及其相似性对大学生情侣恋爱关系质量的影响。
    研究一:个体层面探讨爱情风格与关系质量的关系,通过潜在剖面分析比较不同群体爱情风格剖面图,进一步探索二者的线性和非线性关系,以及性别在这个过程中的调节作用。选取恋爱中大学生个体734名,采用爱情态度量表(LAS-SF)和预期关系质量成分量表(PQRC)进行施测,使用回归分析和潜在剖面分析发现:激情之爱正向预测关系质量;利他之爱、友谊之爱、现实之爱与关系质量存在U型关系;男性占有之爱与关系质量成正U型,女性则不存在显著预测作用。
    研究二:情侣层面考察行动者效应和对象效应以及情侣爱情风格相似性的影响,并验证性别的调节作用。选取恋爱中大学生情侣249对,测量工具同研究一,使用阶层线性回归分析,结果发现男女存在不同的行动者效应和对象效应,情侣爱情风格相似性越高关系质量越好。
    研究结论:大学生群体爱情风格对关系质量的预测模式不尽相同,既存在线性关系也存在非线性关系,此外还存在性别差异。情侣间爱情风格相似性越高,关系质量越高。

其他摘要

    At the emerging adulthood, the exploration of romantic relationships is an important development task to college students for the transition to adulthood. At this time, one of the core issues of concern is "What kind of person should I choose to spend my life as a partner?". This involves two questions: one is to choose a partner, and the other is to choose what kind of partner is conducive to the benign development of the relationship. The matching of love style is an important aspect of marriage match, and the love style has an important influence on the satisfaction, passion, commitment and conflict in the quality of the love relationship. Therefore, this study attempts to investigate the influence of love style and its similarity on the quality of the relationship of college students in the context of Chinese culture, combining the individual level and the object level through two sub studies.
    Study 1 explores the linear and non-linear relationships between love style and
relationship quality from the individual level, as well as the moderating effect of gender.Finally, a potential profile analysis is used to compare different groups of love style profile. 734 individual college students in love were selected and tested by the Love Attitude Scale (LAS-SF) and the Perceived Relation Quality Component Scale (PQRC).Regression analysis and potential profile analysis revealed that Eros positively predicts the relationship quality; There is a U-shaped relationship between Agape, Storge,Pragma and relationship quality; Males' Mania and relationship quality is positive U-shaped, and women have no significant predictive effect.
    Study 2 examines the effects of actor and object effects and the similarity of couples'love styles from the couple level, and verifies the moderating effect of gender. 249 couples of college couples in love were selected. The measurement tool was the same as that of the Study 1 .Using hieratical linear models, it was found that men and women had different actor effects and object effects. The higher the couple's love style similarity was, the better the relationship quality was.
    Conclusions: The predictive models of college students' love style on the quafity of relationship are not the same, there are both linear and non-linear relationship,. And there are also gender differences. The more similar the love style between lovers, the higher the quality of the relationship.

语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26145
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
霍凯芳. 大学生爱情风格及其相似性对关系质量的影响[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2018.
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