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A comparison of laboratory, clinical, and self-report measures of prospective memory in healthy adults and individuals with brain injury
Raskin, Sarah A.1; Shum, David H. K.2,3,4; Ellis, Judi5; Pereira, Antonia6; Mills, Ginger7
First AuthorSarah A. Raskin
2018
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailsarah.raskin@trincoll.edu
ISSN1380-3395
SubtypeArticle
Volume40Issue:5Pages:423-436
Abstract

Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have demonstrated deficits in prospective memory (PM) functioning when compared to healthy adults. These deficits have been measured using laboratory measures, clinical measures, and self-report questionnaires. However, PM has been shown to involve multiple cognitive processes and have a variety of stages. Thus, it is not known whether these measures all assess the same aspects of PM. Thus, this study was designed to measure the convergent validity of the three types of PM measures in both healthy adults and individuals with TBI. We aimed to investigate the convergent validity of the three types of tasks in two ways. First, we sought to investigate whether the PM deficits experienced by people with TBI are consistent across tasks. Second, we sought to examine the relationship between the three types of tasks. Results demonstrated that while all three types of measures were sensitive to PM deficits in TBI, there were differences in the aspects/processes of PM being measured. Data from the laboratory measure suggested a specific difficulty with detecting the correct cue. Data from the clinical measure suggested that TBI has a greater effect on time-based cues than event-based cues and that the primary deficit is a prospective intention retrieval deficit rather than the retrospective memory component. In addition, those with TBI did not differ from healthy adults when the time delay was short enough, suggesting that PM is not universally impaired. Data from the self-report questionnaire suggested that those with TBI are more sensitive to difficulties with basic activities of daily living rather than instrumental activities on daily living. These results are discussed in terms of rehabilitation techniques that could focus first on cue detection and use basic activities of daily living as outcome measures.

KeywordAssessment Brain Injury Episodic Memory Prospective Memory Self-report
DOI10.1080/13803395.2017.1371280
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Clinical Neurology ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000431568400001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordIntentions Screening-test ; Comprehensive Assessment ; Retrospective Memory ; Cognitive Impairment ; Retrieval-processes ; Normative Data ; Older-adults ; Virtual Week ; Event ; Time
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26202
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Trinity Coll, Dept Psychol & Neurosci Program, Hartford, CT 06106 USA
2.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
3.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Reading, Dept Psychol, Reading, Berks, England
6.Univ Chichester, Dept Psychol, Chichester, England
7.Univ Hartford, Dept Clin Physiol, Hartford, CT USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Raskin, Sarah A.,Shum, David H. K.,Ellis, Judi,et al. A comparison of laboratory, clinical, and self-report measures of prospective memory in healthy adults and individuals with brain injury[J]. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,2018,40(5):423-436.
APA Raskin, Sarah A.,Shum, David H. K.,Ellis, Judi,Pereira, Antonia,&Mills, Ginger.(2018).A comparison of laboratory, clinical, and self-report measures of prospective memory in healthy adults and individuals with brain injury.JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,40(5),423-436.
MLA Raskin, Sarah A.,et al."A comparison of laboratory, clinical, and self-report measures of prospective memory in healthy adults and individuals with brain injury".JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 40.5(2018):423-436.
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