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Alternative TitleRegional Difference of Chinese Collectivism/Individulism and the Mechanism
Thesis Advisor任孝鹏
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword集体主义 个体主义 地区差异 生态一社会 机制


Other Abstract

    It is one of the focuses in current cross-culture research to explore the formation and mechanism of collectivism/individualism from the ecological-social perspective.In view of the ecological-social diversity resulting from geography, history and modernization process, China has provided a good sample for this kind of study. And the diversity also reminds us that the research under the traditional East-West paradigm is fikely to ignore the regional characteristic of collectivism/individualism within China. Although some scholars have explored regional difference in collectivism and individualism of China recently, the results and the mechanisms of concern are not consistent. Therefore, regional difference of collectivism/individualism within China and its underlying mechanism deserve further exploration.This paper aims to explore the regional difference of collectivism/individualism within China from the provinces, transboundary areas and special areas through three studies respectively, and to test the possible mechanisms.
    Using one self-report task, namely self-construal scale, and three implicit cultural tasks, namely nepotism, triad task and attribution, Study 1 explored the regional difference in collectivism /individualism among Chinese provinces from four facets including self construal, nepotism, holistic thought and attribution preference respectively. The four competing mechanisms, namely, Modernization Theory,Climato-Economic Theory, Rice Theory and Traditional Culture Influence Hypothesis were tested as well. With the same measures, Study 2 explored and tested the regional difference in collectivism/individualism within the provinces across the geographical and cultural boundaries and the ecological-social mechanism behind the difference by taking Jiangsu province and Henan province as two sample points. Study 3 tested Climato-Economic Theory, Rice Theory and Traditional Culture Influence Hypothesis further using the same tasks in four special areas of which the ecological and social factors were exactly appropriate to the study.
    The results showed: (1)There is indeed collectivism/individualism difference among provinces. Rice Theory explained regional difference in the holistic thought,but it failed to explain the regional difference in other facets, while Modernization Theory, Climate-Economic Theory and Traditional Cultural Influence Hypothesis failed to explain the regional difference in any facets of collectivism/individulism. (2)There was regional difference in collectivism/individualism between the southern part and the northern part of Jiangsu province. The southern part of Jiangsu was less collective in self-constual and nepotism, which verified the Modernization Theory or the Climato-Economic Theory. There was no significant difference in self-constual, nepotism, holistic thought or attribution preference between the southern part and the northern part of Henan province, which verified the Climato-Economic Theory. Overall, compared to the other three theories, Climato-Economic Theory explained the regional characteristic of collectivism/individualism within the transboundary areas more robustly. (3) In the four special areas, Climato-Economic Theory also explained the regional difference in collectivism/individualism stably. The areas with lower climate demands were less collective than the areas with higher climate demands in nepotism, holistic thought and attribution preference.
    In general, the present study indicates that there is regional difference within China in spite of the same collectivism culture background. This result will contribute to the further understanding of the cultural characters and values of the contemporary Chinese society.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
马欣然. 中国人集体主义/个体主义的地区差异及其机制[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2018.
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