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Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students
Fei Yu1,2,3; Zhijie Zhang3; Jianxin Zhang1; Jing Luo4
第一作者Fei Yu
2016
发表期刊PsyCh Journal
通讯作者邮箱zhangwc@psych.ac.cn
文章类型Article
卷号5期号:1页码:57-68
摘要

Insight is a salient psychotherapeutic progress but has rarely been measured in a controlled experimental setting. This study aimed to assess whether textual micro-counseling dialogue could validly evoke insight and to explore the characteristics of insight. The guessing riddle of cognitive psychology was used as a reference of the experimental paradigm. Specifically, textual micro-counseling dialogues applying cognitive restructuring techniques were presented. The participant first read a description of a psychological distress (“problem”) and then an explanation (“solution”). Zero-, low-, and high-restructuring solutions were randomly matched to the problems and it was expected that they would trigger different levels of insight experiences. Experts and students evaluated the adaptability and emotional valence of problems, and the insightfulness, novelty, adaptability, and emotional valence of solutions. For both experts and students, different intensities of insightfulness were produced across high-, low- and zero-restructuring solutions. Novelty significantly discriminated the high-restructuring solutions from the other two solution types. Adaptability and emotional valence could discriminate the high- and low-restructuring solutions types from the zero-restructuring solution. Insightfulness had high correlations with novelty and adaptability. These results indicated that textual micro-counseling dialogues with a high-restructuring solution could validly produce the greatest insightfulness and the features of high-restructuring solutions may have reference meaning for improving psychotherapeutic effect.

关键词Adaptability Cognitive Restructuring Emotional Valence Insight Novelty
学科门类Psychology
DOI10.1002/pchj.104
收录类别SSCI ; SSCI
语种英语
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26341
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China
2.Institute of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.Education College, Hebei Normal University, Hebei, China
4.Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China
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GB/T 7714
Fei Yu,Zhijie Zhang,Jianxin Zhang,et al. Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students[J]. PsyCh Journal,2016,5(1):57-68.
APA Fei Yu,Zhijie Zhang,Jianxin Zhang,&Jing Luo.(2016).Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students.PsyCh Journal,5(1),57-68.
MLA Fei Yu,et al."Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students".PsyCh Journal 5.1(2016):57-68.
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