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Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students
Fei Yu1,2,3; Zhijie Zhang3; Jianxin Zhang1; Jing Luo4
First AuthorFei Yu
2016
Source PublicationPsyCh Journal
Correspondent Emailzhangwc@psych.ac.cn
SubtypeArticle
Volume5Issue:1Pages:57-68
Abstract

Insight is a salient psychotherapeutic progress but has rarely been measured in a controlled experimental setting. This study aimed to assess whether textual micro-counseling dialogue could validly evoke insight and to explore the characteristics of insight. The guessing riddle of cognitive psychology was used as a reference of the experimental paradigm. Specifically, textual micro-counseling dialogues applying cognitive restructuring techniques were presented. The participant first read a description of a psychological distress (“problem”) and then an explanation (“solution”). Zero-, low-, and high-restructuring solutions were randomly matched to the problems and it was expected that they would trigger different levels of insight experiences. Experts and students evaluated the adaptability and emotional valence of problems, and the insightfulness, novelty, adaptability, and emotional valence of solutions. For both experts and students, different intensities of insightfulness were produced across high-, low- and zero-restructuring solutions. Novelty significantly discriminated the high-restructuring solutions from the other two solution types. Adaptability and emotional valence could discriminate the high- and low-restructuring solutions types from the zero-restructuring solution. Insightfulness had high correlations with novelty and adaptability. These results indicated that textual micro-counseling dialogues with a high-restructuring solution could validly produce the greatest insightfulness and the features of high-restructuring solutions may have reference meaning for improving psychotherapeutic effect.

KeywordAdaptability Cognitive Restructuring Emotional Valence Insight Novelty
MOST Discipline CataloguePsychology
DOI10.1002/pchj.104
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26341
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China
2.Institute of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.Education College, Hebei Normal University, Hebei, China
4.Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fei Yu,Zhijie Zhang,Jianxin Zhang,et al. Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students[J]. PsyCh Journal,2016,5(1):57-68.
APA Fei Yu,Zhijie Zhang,Jianxin Zhang,&Jing Luo.(2016).Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students.PsyCh Journal,5(1),57-68.
MLA Fei Yu,et al."Insights triggered by textual micro-counseling dialogues of restructuring orientation in experts and students".PsyCh Journal 5.1(2016):57-68.
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