LEARNING MATHEMATICS FROM EXAMPLES AND BY DOING
Xinming Zhu1; Herbert A. Simon2
第一作者Xinming Zhu
1987
发表期刊Cognition and Instruction
卷号4期号:3页码:137-166
摘要

This article demonstrates the feasibility and effectiveness of teaching several mathematical skills by presenting students with carefully chosen sequences of worked-out examples and problems - without lectures or other direct instruction. Thinking-aloud protocols of 20 students learning factorization by this method are analyzed to determine the kinds and depth of understanding students attained. Students did not simply memorize procedures but were able to recognize when the procedures were applicable and to apply them. Most students were also able to use their understanding of the concept of factorization to help learn the procedures and to check their results. The method of learning from examples has now been tested successfully with a class covering the entire 3-year curriculum in algebra and geometry in a Chinese middle school.

学科领域教育心理学
DOI10.1207/s1532690xci0403_1
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收录类别其他
语种英语
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26353
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
作者单位1.Chinese Academy of Sciences
2.Carnegie-Mellon University
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GB/T 7714
Xinming Zhu,Herbert A. Simon. LEARNING MATHEMATICS FROM EXAMPLES AND BY DOING[J]. Cognition and Instruction,1987,4(3):137-166.
APA Xinming Zhu,&Herbert A. Simon.(1987).LEARNING MATHEMATICS FROM EXAMPLES AND BY DOING.Cognition and Instruction,4(3),137-166.
MLA Xinming Zhu,et al."LEARNING MATHEMATICS FROM EXAMPLES AND BY DOING".Cognition and Instruction 4.3(1987):137-166.
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