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Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials
Liu, Xiuying1,2,3; Liu, Tongran1,2; Shangguan, Fangfang4; Sorensen, Thomas Alrik3,5,6; Liu, Qian1,2; Shi, Jiannong1,2,7
First AuthorXiuying Liu
2018-07-01
Source PublicationDEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0012-1649
Volume54Issue:7Pages:1347-1362
Abstract

Conflict adaptation is key in how children self-regulate and assert cognitive control in a given situation compared with a previous experience. In the current study, we analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) to identify age-related differences in conflict adaptation. Participants of different ages (5-year-old children, 10-year-old children, and adults) were subjected to a stimulus-stimulus (S-S) conflict control task (the flanker task) and a stimulus-response (S-R) conflict control task (the Simon task). The behavioral results revealed that all age groups had reliable conflict adaptation effects (CAEs), with faster response times on current incongruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iI trials) compared with current incongruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cI trials). There were also faster response times on current congruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cC trials) compared with current congruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iC trials). Moreover, children demonstrated higher CAE related RTs compared with adults. Electrophysiological results showed that both 10-year-old children and adults had reliable CAEs in the flanker task during conflict detection, with a less N2 amplitude on cI trials compared with iI trials. We also found smaller ERP related CAE values in adults compared with children in the Simon task. Our findings suggest a developmental improvement of conflict adaptation that could lead to a state of relative equilibrium, allowing individuals to better assimilate and accommodate potential environmental conflicts. The results may also indicate that the development of conflict adaption is affected by the specific characteristic of the different types of conflict.

KeywordChild Development Conflict Adaptation Dimensional Overlap Theory Event-related Potentials Stimulus-response Compatibility
DOI10.1037/dev0000524
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Developmental
WOS IDWOS:000435943600014
PublisherAMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
WOS KeywordStimulus-response Compatibility ; Error-related Negativity ; Cognitive Control ; Anterior Cingulate ; Prefrontal Cortex ; Integrative Theory ; Stroop Task ; Simon Task ; Dimensional Overlap ; Attentional Control
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26394
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Tongran; Shi, Jiannong
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Aarhus Univ, Sino Danish Ctr Educ & Res, Aarhus, Denmark
4.Capital Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Aarhus Univ, Ctr Funct Integrat Neurosci, Cognit Neurosci Res Unit, Aarhus, Denmark
6.Aalborg Univ, Ctr Cognit Neurosci, Dept Commun & Psychol, Aalborg, Denmark
7.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Xiuying,Liu, Tongran,Shangguan, Fangfang,et al. Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials[J]. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,2018,54(7):1347-1362.
APA Liu, Xiuying,Liu, Tongran,Shangguan, Fangfang,Sorensen, Thomas Alrik,Liu, Qian,&Shi, Jiannong.(2018).Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials.DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,54(7),1347-1362.
MLA Liu, Xiuying,et al."Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials".DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 54.7(2018):1347-1362.
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