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Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults' Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience
Zhang, Jinfeng1,2,3; Zhang, Jianxin1; Zhou, Mingjie1; Yu, Nancy Xiaonan2
2018-06-01
发表期刊SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
ISSN0303-8300
卷号137期号:3页码:949-963
摘要The ecological model stresses the importance of the neighborhood context to aging successfully. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the associations between neighborhood characteristics (public space, senior population density, and senior service) and the well-being of older adults, with sense of community as a potential mediator and personal resilience as a potential moderator. The sample consisted of 628 individuals (aged 60-97 years) recruited from 32 neighborhoods in Beijing, China. They completed measures of resilience, sense of community, and well-being. Neighborhood characteristics, including per capita public space, senior population density, and senior services, were obtained from neighborhood committees. We used hierarchical linear modeling to analyze the individual data from participants' self-reported measures and objective data regarding neighborhoods. The results showed that: (a) public space, senior population density, and senior services were positively associated with the well-being of older adults; (b) sense of community mediated the above associations; (c) the associations between neighborhood characteristics-such as per capita public space, senior services, and well-being-were strengthened by personal resilience. This study highlighted the importance of neighborhoods to older adult's well-being, including objective characteristics and a subjective sense of community. Besides personal strength, enhancing neighborhood resources is recommended to promote the well-being of elderly people.
关键词Neighborhood Well-being Sense of community Resilience Older adults
DOI10.1007/s11205-017-1626-0
语种英语
项目资助者CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
资助项目CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS研究方向Social Sciences - Other Topics ; Sociology
WOS类目Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary ; Sociology
WOS记录号WOS:000434062000006
出版者SPRINGER
关键词[WOS]SCALE CD-RISC ; MENTAL-HEALTH ; URBAN CHINA ; HONG-KONG ; EARTHQUAKE SURVIVORS ; MULTILEVEL MEDIATION ; DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS ; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY ; SOCIAL COHESION ; MORALE SCALE
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26487
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Zhou, Mingjie; Yu, Nancy Xiaonan
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.City Univ Hong Kong, Dept Appl Social Sci, Tat Chee Ave, Kowloon, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
3.Chongqing Univ, Sch Publ Affairs, Chongqing 400044, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Zhang, Jinfeng,Zhang, Jianxin,Zhou, Mingjie,et al. Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults' Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience[J]. SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH,2018,137(3):949-963.
APA Zhang, Jinfeng,Zhang, Jianxin,Zhou, Mingjie,&Yu, Nancy Xiaonan.(2018).Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults' Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience.SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH,137(3),949-963.
MLA Zhang, Jinfeng,et al."Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults' Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience".SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH 137.3(2018):949-963.
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