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Implicit sequence learning of chunking and abstract structures
Fu, Qiufang1,2; Sun, Huiming3; Dienes, Zoltan4,5; Fu, Xiaolan1,2
First AuthorQiufang Fua
2018-07-01
Source PublicationCONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION
Correspondent Emailfuqf@psych.ac.cn (q. fu)
ISSN1053-8100
Volume62Pages:42-56
Abstract

The current study investigated whether people can simultaneously acquire knowledge about concrete chunks and abstract structures in implicit sequence learning; and whether the degree of abstraction determines the conscious status of the acquired knowledge. We adopted three types of stimuli in a serial reaction time task in three experiments. The RT results indicated that people could simultaneously acquire knowledge about concrete chunks and abstract structures of the temporal sequence. Generation performance revealed that ability to control was mainly based on abstract structures rather than concrete chunks. Moreover, ability to control was not generally accompanied with awareness of knowing or knowledge, as measured by confidence ratings and attribution tests, confirming that people could control the use of unconscious knowledge of abstract structures. The results present a challenge to computational models and theories of implicit learning.

KeywordImplicit Learning Sequence Learning Concrete Chunks Abstract Structures
DOI10.1016/j.concog.2018.04.010
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; German Research Foundation ; Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; German Research Foundation[NSFC 61621136008/DFG TRR-169] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[31270024] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[61632004]
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000434005200005
PublisherACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
WOS KeywordProcess-dissociation Procedure ; Intentional Control ; Rule Abstraction ; Knowledge ; Consciousness ; Memory ; Task ; Familiarity ; Awareness ; Models
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26490
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorFu, Qiufang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.PLA, NDU, Inst Polit, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Sussex, Sch Psychol, Brighton, E Sussex, England
5.Univ Sussex, Sackler Ctr Consciousness Sci, Brighton, E Sussex, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fu, Qiufang,Sun, Huiming,Dienes, Zoltan,et al. Implicit sequence learning of chunking and abstract structures[J]. CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION,2018,62:42-56.
APA Fu, Qiufang,Sun, Huiming,Dienes, Zoltan,&Fu, Xiaolan.(2018).Implicit sequence learning of chunking and abstract structures.CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION,62,42-56.
MLA Fu, Qiufang,et al."Implicit sequence learning of chunking and abstract structures".CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION 62(2018):42-56.
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