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Posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in children after the Wenchuan earthquake
Cheng, Jin1,2; Liang, YiMing1,2; Fu, Lin1,2; Liu, ZhengKui1
Corresponding AuthorLiu, ZhengKui(liuzk@psych.ac.cn)
2018-05-18
Source PublicationEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY
ISSN2000-8066
Volume9Issue:1Pages:12
AbstractBackground: Many studies have reported the comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in children. However, the underlying relationship between PTSD and depression remains unclear. Objective: This study examines the relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms in children who survived the Wenchuan earthquake in China. Methods: In total, 301 children were assessed at fourmonths and then followed up at 29, 40 and 52months after the disaster. The ages of the children ranged from 9.6-14.6years old, and the sample included 157 males and 144 females. The children were assessed by using the University of California at Los Angeles PTSD reaction index for DSM-IV for PTSD symptoms and the Children's Depression Inventory for depressive symptoms. Results: Comorbid PTSD and depressive symptoms were prevalent in 4.0, 3.3, 3.7 and 5.1% of the participants at times 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. The cross-lagged analysis indicated that PTSD symptoms at time 1 predicted depressive symptoms at time 2; depressive symptoms at time 1 predicted PTSD symptoms at time 2; depressive symptoms at time 2 predicted PTSD symptoms at time 3; and depressive symptoms at time 3 predicted PTSD symptoms at time 4. The findings also showed that being female, poor parental relationships and trauma exposure were risk factors for PTSD or depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The results suggest that the causal relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms changes over time; the effects of PTSD symptoms tend to decrease, while those of depressive symptoms tend to increase. Two stages of the relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms were observed, namely, that PTSD and depressive symptoms first influenced each other and then that depressive symptoms predicted PTSD. The results of our study also suggest that females with poor parental relationships and a high degree of trauma exposure are more likely to require intervention.
KeywordPTSD depressive symptoms cross-lagged analysis longitudinal study natural disaster
DOI10.1080/20008198.2018.1472992
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationConsulting and Appraising Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program
Funding ProjectConsulting and Appraising Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y7CX134003] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; Consulting and Appraising Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y7CX134003] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; Consulting and Appraising Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y7CX134003] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06]
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000432632200001
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
WOS KeywordADOLESCENTS 28 MONTHS ; FIT INDEXES ; MAJOR DEPRESSION ; EMOTION REGULATION ; GENDER-DIFFERENCES ; COMBAT EXPOSURE ; DISORDER ; PTSD ; COMORBIDITY ; SURVIVORS
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26495
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, ZhengKui
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cheng, Jin,Liang, YiMing,Fu, Lin,et al. Posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in children after the Wenchuan earthquake[J]. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY,2018,9(1):12.
APA Cheng, Jin,Liang, YiMing,Fu, Lin,&Liu, ZhengKui.(2018).Posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in children after the Wenchuan earthquake.EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY,9(1),12.
MLA Cheng, Jin,et al."Posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in children after the Wenchuan earthquake".EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY 9.1(2018):12.
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