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Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex
Chen, Xi-Jing1,2; Wang, Chun-Guang3; Liu, Wang1,2; Gorowska, Monika2; Wang, Dong-Mei1,2; Li, Yong-Hui1,2
2018-06-05
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN1662-5161
Volume12Pages:7
Abstract

Emotional dysregulation contributes to the development of substance use disorders (SUDs) and is highly associated with drug abuse and relapse. Music as a contextual auditory stimulus can effectively stimulate the reward circuitry, modulate memory associated with drug taking, and enhance emotional experiences during drug taking. However, the studies of the emotional responses to music in individuals with SUDs are scarce. Using startle reflex and self-reports, this study assessed the psychophysiological and cognitive emotional responses (i.e., valence, arousal and proximity) to happy, peaceful, and fearful music stimuli in 30 females with methamphetamine use disorder (MUD) and 30 healthy females The results found that participants with MUD showed an inhibited startle response to fearful music compared to normal controls (t = 3.7, p < 0.01), and no significant differences were found in the startle responses to happy and peaceful music between the two groups. For the self-reported ratings, participants with MUD showed a decreased arousal in the response to fearful (t = 4.1, p < 0.01) and happy music (t = 3.8, p < 0.01), an increased valence in the response to fearful music (t = 4.4, p < 0 01), and a higher level of proximity in the response to fearful {t = 3.8, p < 0.01) and happy music (t = 2.2, p = 0.03) No significant differences were found in the rating of arousal to peaceful music, the valence to happy and peaceful music, as well as the proximity to peaceful music between the two groups. The females with MUD showed attenuated psychophysiological response and potentiated cognitive response (i.e., valence, arousal) to fearful music, as well as a high proximity to musical stimuli with high arousal regardless of its valence These results have important implications for promoting the effectiveness of assessment and therapy selections for female MUD patients with impaired emotion regulation.

KeywordSubstance Use Disorders Methamphetamine Music Stimuli Startle Reflex Females
DOI10.3389/fnhum.2018.00230
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Key Lab of Mental Health
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFC1310405] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFC0800907] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736124] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31371035] ; CAS Key Lab of Mental Health[Y7CX424007]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000434205400002
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordSubstance Use Disorders ; Brain Response ; Motivation ; Addiction ; Connectivity ; Experiences ; Dependence ; Methadone ; Pleasant ; Clients
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26504
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Dong-Mei
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Belting Municipal Bur Drug Rehabil Adm, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Xi-Jing,Wang, Chun-Guang,Liu, Wang,et al. Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex[J]. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,2018,12:7.
APA Chen, Xi-Jing,Wang, Chun-Guang,Liu, Wang,Gorowska, Monika,Wang, Dong-Mei,&Li, Yong-Hui.(2018).Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex.FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,12,7.
MLA Chen, Xi-Jing,et al."Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex".FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE 12(2018):7.
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