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Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex
Chen, Xi-Jing1,2; Wang, Chun-Guang3; Liu, Wang1,2; Gorowska, Monika2; Wang, Dong-Mei1,2; Li, Yong-Hui1,2
2018-06-05
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN1662-5161
卷号12页码:7
摘要Emotional dysregulation contributes to the development of substance use disorders (SUDs) and is highly associated with drug abuse and relapse. Music as a contextual auditory stimulus can effectively stimulate the reward circuitry, modulate memory associated with drug taking, and enhance emotional experiences during drug taking. However, the studies of the emotional responses to music in individuals with SUDs are scarce. Using startle reflex and self-reports, this study assessed the psychophysiological and cognitive emotional responses (i.e., valence, arousal and proximity) to happy, peaceful, and fearful music stimuli in 30 females with methamphetamine use disorder (MUD) and 30 healthy females The results found that participants with MUD showed an inhibited startle response to fearful music compared to normal controls (t = 3.7, p < 0.01), and no significant differences were found in the startle responses to happy and peaceful music between the two groups. For the self-reported ratings, participants with MUD showed a decreased arousal in the response to fearful (t = 4.1, p < 0.01) and happy music (t = 3.8, p < 0.01), an increased valence in the response to fearful music (t = 4.4, p < 0 01), and a higher level of proximity in the response to fearful {t = 3.8, p < 0.01) and happy music (t = 2.2, p = 0.03) No significant differences were found in the rating of arousal to peaceful music, the valence to happy and peaceful music, as well as the proximity to peaceful music between the two groups. The females with MUD showed attenuated psychophysiological response and potentiated cognitive response (i.e., valence, arousal) to fearful music, as well as a high proximity to musical stimuli with high arousal regardless of its valence These results have important implications for promoting the effectiveness of assessment and therapy selections for female MUD patients with impaired emotion regulation.
关键词substance use disorders methamphetamine music stimuli startle reflex females
DOI10.3389/fnhum.2018.00230
语种英语
项目资助者National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Key Lab of Mental Health
资助项目National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFC1310405] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFC0800907] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736124] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31371035] ; CAS Key Lab of Mental Health[Y7CX424007]
WOS研究方向Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS类目Neurosciences ; Psychology
WOS记录号WOS:000434205400002
出版者FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
关键词[WOS]SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS ; BRAIN RESPONSE ; MOTIVATION ; ADDICTION ; CONNECTIVITY ; EXPERIENCES ; DEPENDENCE ; METHADONE ; PLEASANT ; CLIENTS
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26504
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Wang, Dong-Mei
作者单位1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Belting Municipal Bur Drug Rehabil Adm, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Chen, Xi-Jing,Wang, Chun-Guang,Liu, Wang,et al. Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex[J]. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,2018,12:7.
APA Chen, Xi-Jing,Wang, Chun-Guang,Liu, Wang,Gorowska, Monika,Wang, Dong-Mei,&Li, Yong-Hui.(2018).Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex.FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,12,7.
MLA Chen, Xi-Jing,et al."Identification of the Features of Emotional Dysfunction in Female Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder Measured by Musical Stimuli Modulated Startle Reflex".FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE 12(2018):7.
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