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Sensory Constraints on Perceptual Simulation During Sentence Reading
Gao, Xuefei1,4; Jiang, Ting2,3
2018-06-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE
ISSN0096-1523
卷号44期号:6页码:848-855
摘要Resource-constrained models of language processing predict that perceptual simulation during language understanding would be compromised by sensory limitations (such as reading text in unfamiliar/difficult font), whereas strong versions of embodied theories of language would predict that simulating perceptual symbols in language would not be impaired even under sensory-constrained situations. In 2 experiments, sensory decoding difficulty was manipulated by using easy and hard fonts to study perceptual simulation during sentence reading (Zwaan, Stanfield, & Yaxley, 2002). Results indicated that simulating perceptual symbols in language was not compromised by surface-form decoding challenges such as difficult font, suggesting relative resilience of embodied language processing in the face of certain sensory constraints. Further implications for learning from text and individual differences in language processing will be discussed. Public Significance Statement Two studies with college-age young adults in simple sentence reading found that even though sensory challenges, such as those created by hard font, obviously slowed down the reading speed, but interestingly, did not affect readers' ability to infer (i.e., a reading process of predicting information not expressed by but that can be implied from the text) the physical shapes of the embedded concepts in sentences. Our results hold promises for individuals with either acquired (such as aging) or congenital (such as low vision/hearing, blindness or deafness) sensory disabilities, when implementing language-based training, intervention and/or rehabilitation programs to better their daily lives.
关键词perceptual simulation reading sensory constraints
DOI10.1037/xhp0000475
语种英语
项目资助者MaxNetAging postdoctoral fellowship
资助项目MaxNetAging postdoctoral fellowship
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000433153100004
出版者AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
关键词[WOS]LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; MEMORY ; RECOGNITION ; PSYCHOLOGY ; EMBODIMENT
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26505
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者Gao, Xuefei; Jiang, Ting
作者单位1.Max Planck Inst Psycholinguist, Nijmegen, Netherlands
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Natl Demonstrat Ctr Expt Psychol Educ, Beijing Key Lab Appl Expt Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Psychol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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Gao, Xuefei,Jiang, Ting. Sensory Constraints on Perceptual Simulation During Sentence Reading[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE,2018,44(6):848-855.
APA Gao, Xuefei,&Jiang, Ting.(2018).Sensory Constraints on Perceptual Simulation During Sentence Reading.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE,44(6),848-855.
MLA Gao, Xuefei,et al."Sensory Constraints on Perceptual Simulation During Sentence Reading".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE 44.6(2018):848-855.
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