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Luria revisited: cognitive research in schizophrenia, past implications and future challenges
Zaytseva, Y (Zaytseva, Yuliya)1,2,3; Chan, RCK (Chan, Raymond C. K.)4; Poppel, E (Poeppel, Ernst)2,4,5; Heinz, A (Heinz, Andreas)6
第一作者Zaytseva, Y (Zaytseva, Yuliya)
2015-02
发表期刊PHILOSOPHY ETHICS AND HUMANITIES IN MEDICINE
通讯作者邮箱yuliya.zaytseva@gmail.com
文章类型Review
卷号10期号:4页码:1-11
摘要

Contemporary psychiatry is becoming more biologically oriented in the attempt to elicit a biological rationale of mental diseases. Although mental disorders comprise mostly functional abnormalities, there is a substantial overlap between neurology and psychiatry in addressing cognitive disturbances. In schizophrenia, the presence of cognitive impairment prior to the onset of psychosis and early after its manifestation suggests that some neurocognitive abnormalities precede the onset of psychosis and may represent a trait marker. These cognitive alterations may arise from functional disconnectivity, as no significant brain damage has been found. In this review we aim to revise A.R. Luria's systematic approach used in the neuropsychological evaluation of cognitive functions, which was primarily applied in patients with neurological disorders and in the cognitive evaluation in schizophrenia and other related disorders. As proposed by Luria, cognitive processes, associated with higher cortical functions, may represent functional systems that are not localized in narrow, circumscribed areas of the brain, but occur among groups of concertedly working brain structures, each of which makes its own particular contribution to the organization of the functional system. Current developments in neuroscience provide evidence of functional connectivity in the brain. Therefore, Luria's approach may serve as a frame of reference for the analysis and interpretation of cognitive functions in general and their abnormalities in schizophrenia in particular. Having said that, modern technology, as well as experimental evidence, may help us to understand the brain better and lead us towards creating a new classification of cognitive functions. In schizophrenia research, multidisciplinary approaches must be utilized to address specific cognitive alterations. The relationships among the components of cognitive functions derived from the functional connectivity of the brain may provide an insight into cognitive machinery.

关键词Luria Neurocognitive Test Battery Schizophrenia Cognitive Deficits Taxonomy Of Functions Brain Connectivity Temporal Perception
DOI10.1186/s13010-015-0026-9
收录类别SCIE
语种英语
引用统计
被引频次:8[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26516
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
通讯作者Zaytseva, Y (Zaytseva, Yuliya)
作者单位1.Prague Psychiat Ctr, Natl Inst Mental Health
2.Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Human Sci Ctr & Inst Med Psychol
3.Moscow Res Inst Psychiat
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol
5.Peking Univ, Dept Psychol
6.Charite, Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy, Campus Charite Mitte
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GB/T 7714
Zaytseva, Y ,Chan, RCK ,Poppel, E ,et al. Luria revisited: cognitive research in schizophrenia, past implications and future challenges[J]. PHILOSOPHY ETHICS AND HUMANITIES IN MEDICINE,2015,10(4):1-11.
APA Zaytseva, Y ,Chan, RCK ,Poppel, E ,&Heinz, A .(2015).Luria revisited: cognitive research in schizophrenia, past implications and future challenges.PHILOSOPHY ETHICS AND HUMANITIES IN MEDICINE,10(4),1-11.
MLA Zaytseva, Y ,et al."Luria revisited: cognitive research in schizophrenia, past implications and future challenges".PHILOSOPHY ETHICS AND HUMANITIES IN MEDICINE 10.4(2015):1-11.
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