PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task
Tim R.H. Cutmore1; Graeme S. Halford1,2; Ya Wang3; Brentyn J. Ramm1; Tara Spokes1; David H.K. Shum1
First AuthorTim R.H. Cutmore
2015
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
Correspondent Emailt.cutmore@griffith.edu.au
SubtypeArticle
Volume98Issue:3Pages:381-388
Abstract

The Wason Selection Task (WST) is a well-known test of reasoning in which one turns over cards to test a rule about the two faces. Modifications were made to the WST to enable more direct and analytical investigation of reasoning processes. The modifications included extensive training to reduce variations in task interpretation, isolation of working memory in the decision phase, a separate rule for each card and variations in the form of the rule (number-letter as well as letter-number), separate scoring for each card, and inclusion of control cards that could be recognized by features without relational processing. The cognitive complexity of each card was also analyzed to enable investigation of this factor. Behavioral and event-related potential data were recorded. Negative cards differed from positive cards and control cards were differentiated from cards involved in inferences. The N2 component differentiated the negative conditions (not-P, not-Qcards) from the positive conditions (P, Q cards). The P3 component was largest for control and P cards (the simpler conditions). The late slow wave tended to show more sustained processing of not-P, not-Qand Qcards and was little influenced by the simpler control and P cards. Effects were interpreted in terms of cognitive complexity. In particular, the negative conditions had a larger N2 response than the positive conditions, reflecting greater cognitive complexity of the former and their sustained processing. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.

KeywordDeductive Reasoning Complexity Cognitive Conflict Conditional Reasoning Event-related Potentials
DOI10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.07.004
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26527
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Behavioural Basis of Health, Griffith Health Institute and School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
2.School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
3.Neuropsychology Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tim R.H. Cutmore,Graeme S. Halford,Ya Wang,et al. Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,2015,98(3):381-388.
APA Tim R.H. Cutmore,Graeme S. Halford,Ya Wang,Brentyn J. Ramm,Tara Spokes,&David H.K. Shum.(2015).Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,98(3),381-388.
MLA Tim R.H. Cutmore,et al."Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 98.3(2015):381-388.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
Neural correlates of(532KB)期刊论文作者接受稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Tim R.H. Cutmore]'s Articles
[Graeme S. Halford]'s Articles
[Ya Wang]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Tim R.H. Cutmore]'s Articles
[Graeme S. Halford]'s Articles
[Ya Wang]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Tim R.H. Cutmore]'s Articles
[Graeme S. Halford]'s Articles
[Ya Wang]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.