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Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task
Tim R.H. Cutmore1; Graeme S. Halford1,2; Ya Wang3; Brentyn J. Ramm1; Tara Spokes1; David H.K. Shum1
第一作者Tim R.H. Cutmore
2015
发表期刊INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
通讯作者邮箱t.cutmore@griffith.edu.au
文章类型Article
卷号98期号:3页码:381-388
摘要

The Wason Selection Task (WST) is a well-known test of reasoning in which one turns over cards to test a rule about the two faces. Modifications were made to the WST to enable more direct and analytical investigation of reasoning processes. The modifications included extensive training to reduce variations in task interpretation, isolation of working memory in the decision phase, a separate rule for each card and variations in the form of the rule (number-letter as well as letter-number), separate scoring for each card, and inclusion of control cards that could be recognized by features without relational processing. The cognitive complexity of each card was also analyzed to enable investigation of this factor. Behavioral and event-related potential data were recorded. Negative cards differed from positive cards and control cards were differentiated from cards involved in inferences. The N2 component differentiated the negative conditions (not-P, not-Qcards) from the positive conditions (P, Q cards). The P3 component was largest for control and P cards (the simpler conditions). The late slow wave tended to show more sustained processing of not-P, not-Qand Qcards and was little influenced by the simpler control and P cards. Effects were interpreted in terms of cognitive complexity. In particular, the negative conditions had a larger N2 response than the positive conditions, reflecting greater cognitive complexity of the former and their sustained processing. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.

关键词Deductive Reasoning Complexity Cognitive Conflict Conditional Reasoning Event-related Potentials
DOI10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.07.004
语种英语
引用统计
被引频次:4[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26527
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
作者单位1.Behavioural Basis of Health, Griffith Health Institute and School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
2.School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
3.Neuropsychology Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
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GB/T 7714
Tim R.H. Cutmore,Graeme S. Halford,Ya Wang,et al. Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,2015,98(3):381-388.
APA Tim R.H. Cutmore,Graeme S. Halford,Ya Wang,Brentyn J. Ramm,Tara Spokes,&David H.K. Shum.(2015).Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,98(3),381-388.
MLA Tim R.H. Cutmore,et al."Neural correlates of deductive reasoning An ERP study with the Wason Selection Task".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 98.3(2015):381-388.
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