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Tai Chi Chuan modulates heart rate variability during abdominal breathing in elderly adults
Gao-Xia Wei1; You-Fa Li2; Xiao-Lin Yue1; Xiao Ma2,3; Yu-Kai Chang4; Long-Yan Yi5; Jing-Cheng Li6; Xi-Nian Zuo1
First AuthorGao-Xia Wei
2016
Source PublicationPSYCH JOURNAL
Correspondent Emailgao-xia wei
SubtypeArticle
Volume5Issue:1Pages:69-77
Abstract

Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practice is currently intentionally applied in clinical populations, especially those with cardiovascular diseases because of its potential benefits on the autonomic nervous system. The long-term effect of TCC practice on heart rate variability (HRV) remains largely unknown. In this study, we recruited 23 TCC practitioners whose experience averaged approximately 21 years and 19 controls matched by age, sex and education to examine the effect of TCC practice on the autonomic nervous system during a resting state and during an abdominal breathing state. HRV was measured by traditional electrocardiogram (ECG) recording. The results showed that the low frequency, total power frequency, and normalized low frequency components and the low-frequency/high-frequency ratio were significantly higher, whereas the normalized high frequency was significantly lower in the TCC practitioners relative to controls during the abdominal breathing state. However, we did not detect any significant difference in the HRV measures during the resting state between the two groups. Additionally, TCC experience did not correlate with HRV components either in the abdominal state or the resting state in the TCC group. Considering all of these findings, we suggest that TCC improves vagal activity and the balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic activity during the relaxation state. This study also provides direct physiological evidence for the role of TCC practice in relaxation.

KeywordBreathing Extensive Training Frequency Domain Analysis Heart Rate Variability Tai Chi Chuan
DOI10.1002/pchj.105
Language英语
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Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26593
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
2.Collaborat Innovat Ctr Assessment Basic Educ Qual, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Department of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
4.Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
5.Sport Science Research Center, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China
6.Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gao-Xia Wei,You-Fa Li,Xiao-Lin Yue,et al. Tai Chi Chuan modulates heart rate variability during abdominal breathing in elderly adults[J]. PSYCH JOURNAL,2016,5(1):69-77.
APA Gao-Xia Wei.,You-Fa Li.,Xiao-Lin Yue.,Xiao Ma.,Yu-Kai Chang.,...&Xi-Nian Zuo.(2016).Tai Chi Chuan modulates heart rate variability during abdominal breathing in elderly adults.PSYCH JOURNAL,5(1),69-77.
MLA Gao-Xia Wei,et al."Tai Chi Chuan modulates heart rate variability during abdominal breathing in elderly adults".PSYCH JOURNAL 5.1(2016):69-77.
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