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Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience
Shen, Wangbing1,2; Yuan, Yuan3; Zhao, Yuan1,2; Mang, Xiaojiang4,5; Liu, Chang4,5; Luo, Jing6,7; Li, Jinxiu4,5; Fan, Lili4,5
First AuthorShen, Wangbing
2018-08-01
Source PublicationPSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS
Correspondent Emailwangbingshpsy@hhu.edu.cn or psychyy1989@163.com
ISSN1931-3896
Volume12Issue:3Pages:317-327
Contribution Rank7
Abstract

Accounts of insight experiences have already been used to define insight or distinguish insight from noninsight; but the nature of the experience remains unclear. This research takes a quantitative approach to assessing the implicit conceptual structure of everyday insight experience in 2 studies. The aim of Study 1 was to collect descriptions of everyday insight experiences: participants were required to give as many brief descriptions as possible of experience of insight in diverse naturalistic settings. The participants provided a total of 99 categories of terms including 22 principal terms. In Study 2 the underlying structure of this set of terms was extracted through multidimensional scaling (MDS), and the 22 principal terms were further clustered. The results showed that the terms scattered in various dimensional positions and the 22 principal terms were grouped in 4 clusters. Together these 2 studies suggest that the experience of everyday insight is a multidimensional construct encompassing positive affect at the moment of insight; phenomenological experiences relating to the dynamic insight process, particularly the process of sudden restructuring; solution-related cognitive responses; and postinsight reflections. The main implications of the research are discussed.

KeywordInsight Experience Implicit Theory Mental Impasse Multidimensional Scaling
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Social Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Municipal Commission of Education Key Program of Science and Technology ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31500870] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31671124] ; National Social Science Foundation of China[15BAX129] ; Beijing Municipal Commission of Education Key Program of Science and Technology[KZ201410028034] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[2014B15314]
WOS Research AreaArts & Humanities - Other Topics ; Psychology
WOS SubjectHumanities, Multidisciplinary ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000440616000008
PublisherEDUCATIONAL PUBLISHING FOUNDATION-AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
WOS KeywordVerbal Problems ; Aha Experience ; Creativity ; Intelligence ; Contradiction ; American ; Cultures ; Chinese ; Wisdom ; Memory
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26651
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorShen, Wangbing; Yuan, Yuan
Affiliation1.Hohai Univ, Sch Publ Adm, 8 Focheng West Rd, Jiangning Dist 21100, Peoples R China
2.Hohai Univ, Inst Appl Psychol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Nanjing Normal Univ Special Educ, Sch Rehabil Sci, Nanjing 210038, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Nanjing Normal Univ, Lab Cognit Neurosci, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
6.Capital Normal Univ, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shen, Wangbing,Yuan, Yuan,Zhao, Yuan,et al. Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience[J]. PSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS,2018,12(3):317-327.
APA Shen, Wangbing.,Yuan, Yuan.,Zhao, Yuan.,Mang, Xiaojiang.,Liu, Chang.,...&Fan, Lili.(2018).Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience.PSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS,12(3),317-327.
MLA Shen, Wangbing,et al."Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience".PSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS 12.3(2018):317-327.
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