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Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience
Shen, Wangbing1,2; Yuan, Yuan3; Zhao, Yuan1,2; Mang, Xiaojiang4,5; Liu, Chang4,5; Luo, Jing6,7; Li, Jinxiu4,5; Fan, Lili4,5
2018-08-01
发表期刊PSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS
ISSN1931-3896
卷号12期号:3页码:317-327
摘要Accounts of insight experiences have already been used to define insight or distinguish insight from noninsight; but the nature of the experience remains unclear. This research takes a quantitative approach to assessing the implicit conceptual structure of everyday insight experience in 2 studies. The aim of Study 1 was to collect descriptions of everyday insight experiences: participants were required to give as many brief descriptions as possible of experience of insight in diverse naturalistic settings. The participants provided a total of 99 categories of terms including 22 principal terms. In Study 2 the underlying structure of this set of terms was extracted through multidimensional scaling (MDS), and the 22 principal terms were further clustered. The results showed that the terms scattered in various dimensional positions and the 22 principal terms were grouped in 4 clusters. Together these 2 studies suggest that the experience of everyday insight is a multidimensional construct encompassing positive affect at the moment of insight; phenomenological experiences relating to the dynamic insight process, particularly the process of sudden restructuring; solution-related cognitive responses; and postinsight reflections. The main implications of the research are discussed.
关键词insight experience implicit theory mental impasse multidimensional scaling
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Social Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Municipal Commission of Education Key Program of Science and Technology ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
资助项目National Natural Science Foundation of China[31500870] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31671124] ; National Social Science Foundation of China[15BAX129] ; Beijing Municipal Commission of Education Key Program of Science and Technology[KZ201410028034] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[2014B15314]
WOS研究方向Arts & Humanities - Other Topics ; Psychology
WOS类目Humanities, Multidisciplinary ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000440616000008
出版者EDUCATIONAL PUBLISHING FOUNDATION-AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
关键词[WOS]VERBAL PROBLEMS ; AHA EXPERIENCE ; CREATIVITY ; INTELLIGENCE ; CONTRADICTION ; AMERICAN ; CULTURES ; CHINESE ; WISDOM ; MEMORY
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26651
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者Shen, Wangbing; Yuan, Yuan
作者单位1.Hohai Univ, Sch Publ Adm, 8 Focheng West Rd, Jiangning Dist 21100, Peoples R China
2.Hohai Univ, Inst Appl Psychol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Nanjing Normal Univ Special Educ, Sch Rehabil Sci, Nanjing 210038, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Nanjing Normal Univ, Lab Cognit Neurosci, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
6.Capital Normal Univ, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Shen, Wangbing,Yuan, Yuan,Zhao, Yuan,et al. Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience[J]. PSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS,2018,12(3):317-327.
APA Shen, Wangbing.,Yuan, Yuan.,Zhao, Yuan.,Mang, Xiaojiang.,Liu, Chang.,...&Fan, Lili.(2018).Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience.PSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS,12(3),317-327.
MLA Shen, Wangbing,et al."Defining Insight: A Study Examining Implicit Theories of Insight Experience".PSYCHOLOGY OF AESTHETICS CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS 12.3(2018):317-327.
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