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Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts
Li, Zhanxing1,2; Qi, Minli1; Yu, Jing3; Zhu, Liqi1
2018-07-31
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
卷号9页码:11
摘要This study aimed to examine whether Chinese preschoolers understand that ownership can be transferred in different contexts. The study participants were 3- to 5-year-old Chinese children (n = 96) and adults (n = 34). With four scenarios that contained different transfer types (giving, stealing, losing, and abandoning), participants were asked four questions about ownership. The results indicated that preschoolers' ability to distinguish legitimate ownership transfers from illegitimate ownership transfers improved with age. Three-year-olds understood that ownership cannot be transferred in a stealing context, but the appropriate understanding of ownership was not attained until 4 years old in a giving context and 5 years old in losing and abandoning contexts, which is similar to the adults' performance. In addition to the first possessor bias (a tendency to judge the first possessor as the owner) found in previous studies, 3-year-olds also displayed a loan bias (a tendency to believe everything that is transferred should be returned) in the study. The findings suggest that the developmental trajectories of preschoolers' understanding of ownership transfers varied across different contexts, which may relate to children's ability to consider the role of intent in determining ownership and parents' disciplinary behavior. Both cross-cultural similarities and differences are discussed.
关键词ownership reasoning ownership transfers first possessor bias giving and stealing losing and abandoning
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01314
语种英语
项目资助者National Social Science Foundation of China ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation
资助项目National Social Science Foundation of China[14ZDB161] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2018M633484]
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000440367300002
出版者FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
关键词[WOS]INFER OWNERSHIP ; 1ST POSSESSION ; CULTURES ; ALWAYS ; LABOR ; LAW
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26652
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Zhu, Liqi
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Inst Social Psychol, Sch Humanities & Social Sci, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.NICHHD, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA
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Li, Zhanxing,Qi, Minli,Yu, Jing,et al. Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2018,9:11.
APA Li, Zhanxing,Qi, Minli,Yu, Jing,&Zhu, Liqi.(2018).Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,9,11.
MLA Li, Zhanxing,et al."Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 9(2018):11.
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