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The different effects of personality on prosocial and aggressive driving behaviour in a Chinese sample
Shen, Biying1,2; Ge, Yan1; Qu, Weina1; Sun, Xianghong1; Zhang, Kan1
第一作者Biying Shen
2018-07-01
发表期刊TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR
通讯作者邮箱gey@psych.ac.cn (y. ge) ; quwn@psych.ac.cn (w. qu)
ISSN1369-8478
卷号56页码:268-279
摘要

Dangerous driving behaviours, as a direct cause of accidents and death, are the focus of considerable research attention. However, unlike unsafe driving behaviours, few studies have explored safe driving behaviours and their effects on road traffic. This study aims to verify the Chinese version of the Prosocial and Aggressive Driving Inventory (PADI) and then investigate the relationship between personality and aggressive/prosocial driving behaviours. A total of 303 licensed drivers were recruited, and they voluntarily and anonymously completed the PADI, the Driving Behaviours Questionnaire (DBQ), and personality scales (anger, sensation-seeking and altruism). The results of this research confirmed the reliability and validity of the Chinese PADI. Most importantly, it was found that different relationships between different personalities and aggressive/prosocial driving behaviours. Specifically, individuals with high altruism exhibited more prosocial driving behaviours, while individuals with high sensation seeking presented more aggressive driving behaviours. The importance of these findings lies in two main potential implications: developing an effective measurement of prosocial driving behaviours in China and providing favourable evidence to guide drivers toward more prosocial driving behaviours. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

关键词Prosocial Driving Behaviour Aggressive Driving Behaviour Padi Altruism Sensation Seeking
DOI10.1016/j.trf.2018.04.019
语种英语
项目资助者National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program ; National Science and Technology of China
资助项目National Key Research and Development Plan of China[2017YFB0802800] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400886] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[3171225] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736220] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; National Science and Technology of China[2009FY110100]
WOS研究方向Psychology ; Transportation
WOS类目Psychology, Applied ; Transportation
WOS记录号WOS:000437997700024
出版者ELSEVIER SCI LTD
关键词[WOS]Cross-cultural Differences ; Sensation Seeking ; Driver Behavior ; Decision-making ; Style Inventory ; Risk Perception ; Traffic Safety ; Young Drivers ; Road Safety ; Anger
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26687
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Ge, Yan; Qu, Weina
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Behav Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Shen, Biying,Ge, Yan,Qu, Weina,et al. The different effects of personality on prosocial and aggressive driving behaviour in a Chinese sample[J]. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,2018,56:268-279.
APA Shen, Biying,Ge, Yan,Qu, Weina,Sun, Xianghong,&Zhang, Kan.(2018).The different effects of personality on prosocial and aggressive driving behaviour in a Chinese sample.TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,56,268-279.
MLA Shen, Biying,et al."The different effects of personality on prosocial and aggressive driving behaviour in a Chinese sample".TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR 56(2018):268-279.
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