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The effect of reciprocity disposition on giving and repaying reciprocity behavior
Xia Li1,2; Panhua Zhu2; Yue Yu1; Jianxin Zhang1; Zhen Zhang3
First AuthorXia Li
2017-04
Source PublicationPERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
Correspondent Emailzhangjx@psych.ac.cn ; zhangz@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0191-8869
SubtypeArticle
Volume109Pages:201-206
Abstract

Human beings have a general tendency for reciprocity in most societies. The internalized reciprocity norm assumption suggests that reciprocity disposition would encourage reciprocity towards strangers in one-shot interactions. To verify this, we examined the predictive ability of reciprocity dispositions for giving and repaying reciprocal behaviors. A sample of college students (N = 98) participated in the reciprocity game in a laboratory, which comprised a prisoner dilemma game (PD) and dictator game (DG). The results indicated that reciprocity behavior occurred among strangers without face-to-face interactions. Reciprocity expectation predicted the choice of cooperation in the PD significantly. Positive and negative reciprocity dispositions had no effect on the strategy choice; however, they significantly predicted payoff allocation in the DG. Specifically, a higher positive reciprocity disposition led to more payoff allocation, while a higher negative reciprocity disposition led to less payoff allocation. In summary, strangers abide by the reciprocity norm, and the internalized reciprocity disposition exerts an influence on repaying behavior and accounts for some individual differences in reciprocity. These findings provide robust support for the internalized reciprocity norm assumption, and illustrate the process mechanism of human interaction among strangers. People may predict interpersonal interaction better through reciprocity dispositions and reciprocity valences. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KeywordReciprocity Disposition Positive Reciprocity Negative Reciprocity Reciprocity Game Reciprocal Behavior
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.007
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26691
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China
2.Institute of Education, Jiangxi Science & Technology Normal University, Nanchang, China
3.CAS Key Laboratory of Behavior Science, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xia Li,Panhua Zhu,Yue Yu,et al. The effect of reciprocity disposition on giving and repaying reciprocity behavior[J]. PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,2017,109:201-206.
APA Xia Li,Panhua Zhu,Yue Yu,Jianxin Zhang,&Zhen Zhang.(2017).The effect of reciprocity disposition on giving and repaying reciprocity behavior.PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,109,201-206.
MLA Xia Li,et al."The effect of reciprocity disposition on giving and repaying reciprocity behavior".PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 109(2017):201-206.
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