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The ERP Effects of Combined Cognitive Training on Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions in Older Chinese Adults
Ya-Nan Niu; Xinyi Zhu; Juan Li; Jiang-Ning Fu
First AuthorYa-Nan Niu
2016
Source PublicationFront. Psychol.
Correspondent Emailniuyn@psych.ac.cn ; lijuan@psych.ac.cn
Subtypearticle
Volume7Pages:1-13
Abstract

Age-related decreases in action are caused by neuromuscular weakness and cognitive decline. Although physical interventions have been reported to have beneficial effects on cognitive function in older adults, whether cognitive training improves action-related function remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of combined cognitive training on intention-based and stimulus-based actions in older adults using event-related potentials (ERPs). A total of 26 healthy older adults (16 in the training group and 10 in the control group) participated in the study. The training group received 16 sessions of cognitive training, including eight sessions of executive function training and eight sessions of memory strategy training. Before and after training, both groups of participants underwent cognitive assessments and ERP recordings during both the acquisition and test phases with a motor cognitive paradigm. During the acquisition phase, subjects were asked to press one of two keys, either using a self-selected (intention-based) method or based on the preceding stimulus (stimulus-based). During the test phase, subjects were asked to respond to the pre-cues with either congruent or incongruent tasks. Using ERP indices—including readiness potential, P3 and contingent negative variation to identify motor preparation, stimulus processing and interference effect, respectively—we revealed the effects of training on both intention-based

KeywordCombined Cognitive Training Intention-based Action Stimulus-based Action Executive Function Associative Memory Erps Motor Cognition Older Adults
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01670
Language英语
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26729
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
AffiliationCenter on Aging Psychology, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ya-Nan Niu,Xinyi Zhu,Juan Li,et al. The ERP Effects of Combined Cognitive Training on Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions in Older Chinese Adults[J]. Front. Psychol.,2016,7:1-13.
APA Ya-Nan Niu,Xinyi Zhu,Juan Li,&Jiang-Ning Fu.(2016).The ERP Effects of Combined Cognitive Training on Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions in Older Chinese Adults.Front. Psychol.,7,1-13.
MLA Ya-Nan Niu,et al."The ERP Effects of Combined Cognitive Training on Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions in Older Chinese Adults".Front. Psychol. 7(2016):1-13.
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