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Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population
Shen, Yanmei1,2; Chan, Bella Siu Man3; Liu, Jianbo1,2; Meng, Fanchao1,2; Yang, Tingyu1,2; He, Yuqiong1,2; Lu, Jianping4; Luo, Xuerong1,2; Zhang, Xiang Yang5,6
First AuthorYanmei Shen
2018-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
Correspondent Emailluoxuerong@csu.edu.cn (x. luo) ; xiang.y.zhang@uth.tmc.edu (x.y. zhang)
ISSN0165-0327
Volume241Pages:291-296
Abstract

Background: To investigate the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to collect demographic data on participants and their symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, and depression. Data were collected through questionnaires filled out on a computer or through WeChat, a widely used social media app. Results: The prevalence of ADHD among 5693 college students was 3.5% (3.02 - 3.98%). Individuals with ADHD showed higher scores on scales of anxiety and depression symptoms (both p < 0.05) than the general population. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of ADHD grouped by smoking, drinking, suicidal ideation, suicidal plans, suicidal attempt, anxiety and depression (p < 0.05). The odds ratio (OR) of ADHD was high for suicidal ideation, suicide plans, suicide attempts, anxiety and depression, with ORs of 5.901, 5.46, 6.011, 8.037 and 7.88, respectively. The ORs of suicidal behaviors for ADHD were decreased after adjusting for covariates such as drinking, smoking and depression. Limitations: The sample was exclusively selected from three medical-related colleges, which might not be best representation of college students in China. Furthermore, majority of the participants were females. Conclusions: ADHD remains a common disorder among Chinese medical college students and is significantly associated with suicidal behaviors, anxiety and depression. It is important to increase awareness and promote effective interventions to this particular population.

KeywordAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Prevalence Comorbidity Suicidal Behavior Risk Factors Anxiety
DOI10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.038
Language英语
Funding OrganizationShenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Committee ; Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen
Funding ProjectShenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Committee[JCYJ20160429185235132] ; Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen[SZSM201612079]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000443816800039
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
WOS KeywordUtah Rating-scale ; Self-report Scale ; Adult Adhd ; Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder ; Internet Addiction ; Psychiatric Comorbidity ; Depressive Symptoms ; Completed Suicide ; Mental-illness ; Children
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26898
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Xuerong; Zhang, Xiang Yang
Affiliation1.Cent S Univ, Xiangya Hosp 2, Dept Psychiat, Changsha 410011, Hunan, Peoples R China
2.Cent S Univ, Mental Hlth Inst,Hunan Key Lab Psychiat & Mental, China Natl Clin Res Ctr Mental Disorders Xiangya, China Natl Technol Inst Mental Disorders,Hunan Te, Changsha 410011, Hunan, Peoples R China
3.Univ British Columbia, Dept Educ & Counselling Psychol & Special Educ, Vancouver, BC, Canada
4.Shenzhen Kangning Hosp, Shenzhen Mental Hlth Ctr, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
5.Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, UT Houston Med Sch, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Houston, TX 77030 USA
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shen, Yanmei,Chan, Bella Siu Man,Liu, Jianbo,et al. Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2018,241:291-296.
APA Shen, Yanmei.,Chan, Bella Siu Man.,Liu, Jianbo.,Meng, Fanchao.,Yang, Tingyu.,...&Zhang, Xiang Yang.(2018).Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population.JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,241,291-296.
MLA Shen, Yanmei,et al."Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population".JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 241(2018):291-296.
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