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Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population
Shen, Yanmei1,2; Chan, Bella Siu Man3; Liu, Jianbo1,2; Meng, Fanchao1,2; Yang, Tingyu1,2; He, Yuqiong1,2; Lu, Jianping4; Luo, Xuerong1,2; Zhang, Xiang Yang5,6
第一作者Yanmei Shen
2018-12-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
通讯作者邮箱luoxuerong@csu.edu.cn (x. luo) ; xiang.y.zhang@uth.tmc.edu (x.y. zhang)
ISSN0165-0327
卷号241页码:291-296
摘要

Background: To investigate the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to collect demographic data on participants and their symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, and depression. Data were collected through questionnaires filled out on a computer or through WeChat, a widely used social media app. Results: The prevalence of ADHD among 5693 college students was 3.5% (3.02 - 3.98%). Individuals with ADHD showed higher scores on scales of anxiety and depression symptoms (both p < 0.05) than the general population. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of ADHD grouped by smoking, drinking, suicidal ideation, suicidal plans, suicidal attempt, anxiety and depression (p < 0.05). The odds ratio (OR) of ADHD was high for suicidal ideation, suicide plans, suicide attempts, anxiety and depression, with ORs of 5.901, 5.46, 6.011, 8.037 and 7.88, respectively. The ORs of suicidal behaviors for ADHD were decreased after adjusting for covariates such as drinking, smoking and depression. Limitations: The sample was exclusively selected from three medical-related colleges, which might not be best representation of college students in China. Furthermore, majority of the participants were females. Conclusions: ADHD remains a common disorder among Chinese medical college students and is significantly associated with suicidal behaviors, anxiety and depression. It is important to increase awareness and promote effective interventions to this particular population.

关键词Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Prevalence Comorbidity Suicidal Behavior Risk Factors Anxiety
DOI10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.038
语种英语
项目资助者Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Committee ; Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen
资助项目Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Committee[JCYJ20160429185235132] ; Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen[SZSM201612079]
WOS研究方向Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS类目Clinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS记录号WOS:000443816800039
出版者ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
关键词[WOS]Utah Rating-scale ; Self-report Scale ; Adult Adhd ; Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder ; Internet Addiction ; Psychiatric Comorbidity ; Depressive Symptoms ; Completed Suicide ; Mental-illness ; Children
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26898
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
通讯作者Luo, Xuerong; Zhang, Xiang Yang
作者单位1.Cent S Univ, Xiangya Hosp 2, Dept Psychiat, Changsha 410011, Hunan, Peoples R China
2.Cent S Univ, Mental Hlth Inst,Hunan Key Lab Psychiat & Mental, China Natl Clin Res Ctr Mental Disorders Xiangya, China Natl Technol Inst Mental Disorders,Hunan Te, Changsha 410011, Hunan, Peoples R China
3.Univ British Columbia, Dept Educ & Counselling Psychol & Special Educ, Vancouver, BC, Canada
4.Shenzhen Kangning Hosp, Shenzhen Mental Hlth Ctr, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
5.Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, UT Houston Med Sch, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Houston, TX 77030 USA
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Shen, Yanmei,Chan, Bella Siu Man,Liu, Jianbo,et al. Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2018,241:291-296.
APA Shen, Yanmei.,Chan, Bella Siu Man.,Liu, Jianbo.,Meng, Fanchao.,Yang, Tingyu.,...&Zhang, Xiang Yang.(2018).Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population.JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,241,291-296.
MLA Shen, Yanmei,et al."Estimated prevalence and associated risk factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population".JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 241(2018):291-296.
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