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Syntactic processing in music and language: Parallel abnormalities observed in congenital amusia
Sun, Yanan1,2; Lu, Xuejing2,3,4,5; Ho, Hao Tam6,7; Johnson, Blake W.1,2; Sammler, Daniela8; Thompson, William Forde2,3
First AuthorSun, Yanan
Correspondent (y. sun)
Contribution Rank4

Evidence is accumulating that similar cognitive resources are engaged to process syntactic structure in music and language. Congenital amusia - a neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects music perception, including musical syntax - provides a special opportunity to understand the nature of this overlap. Using electroencephalography (EEG), we investigated whether individuals with congenital amusia have parallel deficits in processing language syntax in comparison to control participants. Twelve amusic participants (eight females) and 12 control participants (eight females) were presented melodies in one session, and spoken sentences in another session, both of which had syntactic-congruent and - incongruent stimuli. They were asked to complete a music-related and a language-related task that were irrelevant to the syntactic incongruities. Our results show that amusic participants exhibit impairments in the early stages of both music-and language-syntactic processing. Specifically, we found that two event-related potential (ERP) components - namely Early Right Anterior Negativity (ERAN) and Left Anterior Negativity (LAN), associated with music-and language-syntactic processing respectively, were absent in the amusia group. However, at later processing stages, amusics showed similar brain responses as controls to syntactic incongruities in both music and language. This was reflected in a normal N5 in response to melodies and a normal P600 to spoken sentences. Notably, amusics' parallel music-and language-syntactic impairments were not accompanied by deficits in semantic processing (indexed by normal N400 in response to semantic incongruities). Together, our findings provide further evidence for shared music and language syntactic processing, particularly at early stages of processing.

KeywordMusic Language Syntax Congenital Amusia Erp
Indexed BySCIE
Funding ProjectAustralian Research Council[DP130101084]
WOS KeywordEvent-related Potentials ; Mismatch Negativity Mmn ; Signal-detection-theory ; Pitch Discrimination ; Anterior Negativity ; Montreal Battery ; Harmonic Structure ; Tone-deafness ; Brocas Area ; Brain
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectNeuroimaging
WOS IDWOS:000441936300066
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorSun, Yanan
Affiliation1.Macquarie Univ, Dept Cognit Sci, 16 Univ Ave, N Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia
2.ARC Ctr Excellence Cognit & Its Disorders, N Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia
3.Macquarie Univ, Dept Psychol, N Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia
4.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
6.Univ Pisa, Dept Translat Res New Technol Med & Surg, I-56126 Pisa, Italy
7.Univ Sydney, Sch Psychol, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
8.Max Planck Inst Human Cognit & Brain Sci, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Yanan,Lu, Xuejing,Ho, Hao Tam,et al. Syntactic processing in music and language: Parallel abnormalities observed in congenital amusia[J]. NEUROIMAGE-CLINICAL,2018,19:640-651.
APA Sun, Yanan,Lu, Xuejing,Ho, Hao Tam,Johnson, Blake W.,Sammler, Daniela,&Thompson, William Forde.(2018).Syntactic processing in music and language: Parallel abnormalities observed in congenital amusia.NEUROIMAGE-CLINICAL,19,640-651.
MLA Sun, Yanan,et al."Syntactic processing in music and language: Parallel abnormalities observed in congenital amusia".NEUROIMAGE-CLINICAL 19(2018):640-651.
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