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Comparisons of schizotypal traits across 12 countries: Results from the International Consortium for Schizotypy Research
Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo1,2; Chan, Raymond C. K.3,4; Debbane, Martin5,6; Cicero, David7; Zhang, Lisa C.8; Brenner, Colleen8; Barkus, Emma9; Linscott, Richard J.10; Kwapil, Thomas11; Barrantes-Vidal, Neus12; Cohen, Alex13; Raine, Adrian14,15,16; Compton, Michael T.17; Tone, Erin B.18; Suhr, Julie19; Muniz, Jose2,20; Perez de Albeniz, Alicia1; Fumero, Axit21; Giakoumaki, Stella22; Tsaousis, Ioannis22; Preti, Antonio23; Chmielewski, Michael24; Laloyaux, Julien25,26,27; Mechri, Anwar28; Lahmar, Mohamed Aymen28; Wuthrich, Viviana29; Laroi, Frank25,30; Badcock, Johanna C.31; Jablensky, Assen31; Ortuno-Sierra, Javier1
2018-09-01
发表期刊SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH
ISSN0920-9964
卷号199页码:128-134
摘要Background: Schizotypal traits are expressions of underlying vulnerability to psychotic disorders which have a potential impact on mental health status, neurocognition, quality of life, and daily functioning. To date, little research has examined epidemiologic landscape of schizotypal traits at the cross-national level. Our aim was to study the expression of schizotypal traits by sex, age, and country in a combined sample gathered from 12 countries. Methods: A total of 27,001 participants completed the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ). The mean age of participants was 22.12 (SD=6.28); 37.5% (n=10,126) were males. Results: Schizotypal traits varied according to sex, age, and country. Females scored higher than males in the positive dimension, whereas males scored higher in the disorganization dimension. By age, a significant decrease in the positive schizotypal traits was observed. Epidemiological expression of schizotypal traits varied by country. Moreover, several interactions by sex, age, and country were found. Conclusions: This pattern is similar to those found in patients with psychosis and psychotic-like experiences. These findings provide new insights and the opportunity to explore the phenotypic expression of schizotypal traits at cross-national level. (c) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词Schizotypy Schizotypal traits Psychosis Cross-cultural
DOI10.1016/j.schres.2018.03.021
语种英语
项目资助者Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN) ; Instituto Carlos III, Center for Biomedical Research in theMental Health Network (CIBERSAM) ; 2015 edition of the BBVA Foundation Grants for Researchers and Cultural Creators ; Swiss National Science Foundation ; Beijing Training Project for Leading Talents in ST ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Grant ; National Basic Research Program of China (Precision Psychiatry Program) ; Cooperative Research Centre-Mental Health, Carlton, Australia ; "ARISTEIA II" Action of the Operational Programme Education and Lifelong Learning ; European Social Fund (ESF) ; National Resources
资助项目Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN)[PSI2014-56114-P] ; Instituto Carlos III, Center for Biomedical Research in theMental Health Network (CIBERSAM) ; 2015 edition of the BBVA Foundation Grants for Researchers and Cultural Creators ; Swiss National Science Foundation[100019_159440] ; Beijing Training Project for Leading Talents in ST[Z151100000315020] ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Grant[Z161100000216138] ; National Basic Research Program of China (Precision Psychiatry Program)[2016YFC0906402] ; Cooperative Research Centre-Mental Health, Carlton, Australia ; "ARISTEIA II" Action of the Operational Programme Education and Lifelong Learning ; European Social Fund (ESF) ; National Resources[KA 2990]
WOS研究方向Psychiatry
WOS类目Psychiatry
WOS记录号WOS:000444845900020
出版者ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
关键词[WOS]PSYCHOTIC-LIKE EXPERIENCES ; PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE ; MEASUREMENT INVARIANCE ; GENERAL-POPULATION ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; HIGH-RISK ; DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE ; SUICIDAL IDEATION ; 3-FACTOR MODEL ; SCHIZOPHRENIA
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27004
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo
作者单位1.Univ La Rioja, Dept Educ Sci, Logrono, Spain
2.Ctr Invest Biomed Red Salud Mental CIBERSAM, Oviedo, Spain
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Geneva, Fac Psychol & Educ Sci, Geneva, Switzerland
6.UCL, Dept Clin Educ & Hlth Psychol, London, England
7.Univ Hawaii Manoa, Dept Psychol, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA
8.Univ British Columbia, Dept Psychol, Vancouver, BC, Canada
9.Univ Wollongong, Sch Psychol, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
10.Univ Otago, Dept Psychol, Dunedin, New Zealand
11.Univ N Carolina, Dept Psychol, Greensboro, NC USA
12.Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Dept Clin & Hlth Psychol, Barcelona, Spain
13.Louisiana State Univ, Dept Psychol, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA
14.Univ Penn, Dept Criminol, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA
15.Univ Penn, Dept Psychiat, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA
16.Univ Penn, Dept Psychol, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA
17.Lenox Hill Hosp, Dept Psychiat, New York, NY 10021 USA
18.Georgia State Univ, Dept Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30303 USA
19.Ohio Univ, Dept Psychol, Athens, OH 45701 USA
20.Univ Oviedo, Dept Psychol, Oviedo, Spain
21.Univ La Laguna, Dept Psychol, San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain
22.Univ Crete, Dept Psychol, Rethimnon, Crete, Greece
23.Genneruxi Med Ctr, Cagliari, Italy
24.Southern Methodist Univ, Dept Psychol, Dallas, TX USA
25.Univ Bergen, Dept Biol & Med Psychol, Bergen, Norway
26.Univ Oslo, NORMENT Norwegian Ctr Excellence Mental Disorders, Oslo, Norway
27.Univ Liege, Psychol & Neurosci Cognit Res Unit, Liege, Belgium
28.Univ Hosp Monastir, Dept Psychiat, Monastir, Tunisia
29.Macquarie Univ, Macquarie Ctr Cognit Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia
30.Univ Liege, Cognit Psychopathol Unit, Psychol & Neurosci Cognit Res Unit, Liege, Belgium
31.Univ Western Australia, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Div Psychiat, Ctr Clin Res Neuropsychiat, Perth, WA, Australia
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Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo,Chan, Raymond C. K.,Debbane, Martin,et al. Comparisons of schizotypal traits across 12 countries: Results from the International Consortium for Schizotypy Research[J]. SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH,2018,199:128-134.
APA Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo.,Chan, Raymond C. K..,Debbane, Martin.,Cicero, David.,Zhang, Lisa C..,...&Ortuno-Sierra, Javier.(2018).Comparisons of schizotypal traits across 12 countries: Results from the International Consortium for Schizotypy Research.SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH,199,128-134.
MLA Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo,et al."Comparisons of schizotypal traits across 12 countries: Results from the International Consortium for Schizotypy Research".SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH 199(2018):128-134.
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