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Effect of personality traits on driving style: Psychometric adaption of the multidimensional driving style inventory in a Chinese sample
Wang, Yuchen1,2; Qu, Weina1; Ge, Yan1; Sun, Xianghong1; Zhang, Kan1
2018-09-06
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Volume13Issue:9Pages:17
AbstractDriving style is an important factor in driving psychology, which is useful for effectively evaluating driving behaviors. Exploring driving style in a Chinese sample could help understand the overall situation of Chinese drivers. This study aims to develop a measurement of driving style fit for the Chinese situation and to validate the validity and reliability of this scale. In this study, 296 drivers from China completed the Chinese version of the multidimensional driving style inventory (MDSI), the Big Five Inventory (BFI), and the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) as well as several questions about socio-demographic information. After testing the assumed structure by a confirmatory factor analysis, and adjusting the structure, a brief version of Chinese version of MDSI with twelve items categorized into four driving styles, namely, risky style, angry- high-velocity style, careful style and anxious style was revised. The validity and reliability of the scales were acceptable. The results showed that driving styles were closely correlated with self-reported driving behaviors. Specifically, risky style, angry- high-velocity style, and anxious style are all positively associated with dangerous driving behaviors. Meanwhile, careful style was positively associated with positive driving behaviors and negatively correlated with dangerous driving behaviors. Anxious was also found to be negatively associated with fines. For personality, we found a positive relationship between risky, angry- high-velocity, careful and anxious styles and the personality traits that often have negative effects on driving, such as extraversion and neuroticism. Meanwhile, these three styles were negatively correlated with conscientiousness and agreeableness in general. In addition, careful style was positively correlated with conscientiousness and agreeableness. The current study shows convincing evidence for the validity and reliability of the brief MDSI-C and develops a useful tool for identify the driving style of Chinese drivers for future research and relevant departments of road safety.
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0202126
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program ; NSFC
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Plan of China[2017YFB0802800] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736220] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400886] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31771225] ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China[2009FY110100] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; NSFC[U1736220] ; NSFC[31400886] ; NSFC[31771225] ; [TSS-201506]
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000444228700005
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
WOS KeywordSENSATION SEEKING ; SELF-REPORT ; SHORT VERSION ; SCALE ; BEHAVIORS ; DRIVERS ; INVOLVEMENT ; RISK ; VIOLATIONS ; ATTITUDES
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27005
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorGe, Yan
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Yuchen,Qu, Weina,Ge, Yan,et al. Effect of personality traits on driving style: Psychometric adaption of the multidimensional driving style inventory in a Chinese sample[J]. PLOS ONE,2018,13(9):17.
APA Wang, Yuchen,Qu, Weina,Ge, Yan,Sun, Xianghong,&Zhang, Kan.(2018).Effect of personality traits on driving style: Psychometric adaption of the multidimensional driving style inventory in a Chinese sample.PLOS ONE,13(9),17.
MLA Wang, Yuchen,et al."Effect of personality traits on driving style: Psychometric adaption of the multidimensional driving style inventory in a Chinese sample".PLOS ONE 13.9(2018):17.
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