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抑郁症患者的表情及微表情识别
其他题名Emotional expression and micro-expression recognition in depressive patients
马琳1,3,4; 陈文锋2; 傅小兰1,4; 王桐桐3
第一作者马琳
2018
发表期刊科学通报
通讯作者邮箱wchen@ruc.edu.cn
ISSN0023-074X
文章类型期刊论文
卷号63期号:20页码:2048 - 2056
产权排序1
摘要

选取不同程度的临床抑郁症患者和与之匹配的健康人为被试,采用宏表情识别测验、短暂表情识别测验和微表情识别测验3个研究范式,分别从宏表情、短暂表情和微表情3个方面考察被试识别表情及微表情的能力,探究抑郁症患者与健康人之间表情及微表情识别的差异.结果显示,抑郁症患者表情识别正确率普遍低于健康人,微表情识别绩效低于宏表情,并且表情及微表情的识别绩效与HAMD抑郁量表得分存在负相关.这些结果说明,临床抑郁症患者的表情加工缺陷不受表情呈现时长的影响,对表情及微表情的识别绩效在某种程度上反映了抑郁严重程度. 

其他摘要

Facial expression is an important nonverbal act of human to express their emotion. It is the most prevalent indicator of emotion in human’s emotional study. Recently, how depressive people process the emotional information have received much interest. Previous studies have found that the ability to recognize facial expression in those people with major depressive disorder (MDD) is damaged. For example, they recognize negative expression slower, and show a negative bias. Furthermore, patients with depression have structural or functional abnormalities related to emotion-related brain regions. As a result, depressive patients may not accurately identify subtle changes on facial expression in social interactions.

As a special form of subtle change, micro-expression is difficult to detect for healthy people. This is due to the short duration and weakened muscle movements of facial expressions. The duration of the micro-expression is between 1/25 and 1/5 s, and only part of the muscle movements are occurring, although sometimes it contains all muscle movements of the macro expression. Considering the damaged ability of depressive people to recognize facial expressions, this study aimed to examine whether micro-expression could be detected by depressive patients and how the recognition performance of micro-expression differs from that of macro expressions. According to the previous results of depressive people on the recognition performance of macro expression and brief expression, we speculate that their ability to identify micro-expression is also likely to be lower than healthy people, and this difference may be amplified due to the increased difficulty of recognition.

In this study, macro expression recognition test, brief affect recognition test and micro-facial recognition test were used to examine the performance difference in identifying macro expression, brief expression and micro-expression between depressive patients and healthy people. The results showed that depressive patients recognized expression and micro-expression worse than healthy people, and both depressive patients and healthy people performed worse in micro-expression recognition than that in the macro expression recognition. It also showed that the HAMD score was negative correlated with the accuracy of expression and micro-expression recognition.

Previous studies have focused on the recognition of common facial expression (i.e., macro-expression) in depressive patients, and this study had extended this line work to micro-expression recognition. These results indicated that the expression recognition deficiency of depressive patients is independent from the duration of facial expression, reflecting the severity degree of depression to some extent.

关键词抑郁症 表情 微表情 正确率
DOI10.1360/N972017-01272
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27045
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国人民大学心理学系
3.北京回龙观医院
4.中国科学院大学心理学系
第一作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
马琳,陈文锋,傅小兰,等. 抑郁症患者的表情及微表情识别[J]. 科学通报,2018,63(20):2048 - 2056.
APA 马琳,陈文锋,傅小兰,&王桐桐.(2018).抑郁症患者的表情及微表情识别.科学通报,63(20),2048 - 2056.
MLA 马琳,et al."抑郁症患者的表情及微表情识别".科学通报 63.20(2018):2048 - 2056.
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