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自闭症谱系障碍者的视运动知觉
Alternative TitleVisual motion perception in Autism Spectrum Disorder
李开云1; 陈功香1; 傅小兰2,3
First Author李开云
2018
Source Publication心理科学进展
Correspondent Emailsep_liky@ujn.edu.cn
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume26Issue:5Pages:831–845
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

视运动知觉是人脑对外界物体的运动特性的知觉。视运动知觉异常是自闭症谱系障碍者的一种常见表现,其检测光流、二阶运动、协同性运动、生物运动及运动速度的能力异于健康控制组,且过度迷恋重复性运动物体。该群体视运动知觉异常的原因探析集中于背侧/M细胞通路特定假设、复杂性假设、神经噪声假设、经验缺失假设、时空加工异常假设、极端男性脑理论和社会脑假设。但到目前为止,尚缺乏一个统一准确的、可验证的解释。未来研究应注重考察自闭症者视运动知觉异常的个体差异和神经生理机制,进一步整合和验证解释理论,并着眼开发有效的视运动知觉测评工具和干预策略 

Other Abstract

Visual motion perception is the process human brain perceives the dynamic/motion characteristics of objects. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders exhibit deficits in visual processing, such as in optical flow, second-order motion, coherent motion, biological motion, motion speed, and obsessing in repetitive moving objects. While various hypotheses (the Dorsal/Magnocellular pathway-specific hypothesis, Complexity-specific hypothesis, Neural noise hypothesis, Flatter-prior hypothesis, Temporo-spatial processing deficit, Extreme male brain hypothesis, and Social brain hypothesis) have been proposed to explain the abnormal visual processing in autism, none of them has been proven definitively so far. Future study should focus on investigating individual differences and neural mechanism of abnormal visual motion perception, integrating and verifying the hypotheses, as well as exploiting effective evaluation tools and interventions.

Keyword自闭症谱系障碍 视运动知觉 原因探析 视觉背侧通路 自闭症谱系障碍 视运动知觉 原因探析 视觉背侧通路 神经机制
DOI10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00831
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6252431
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27084
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation1.济南大学教育与心理科学学院
2.中国科学院心理研究所
3.中国科学院大学
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李开云,陈功香,傅小兰. 自闭症谱系障碍者的视运动知觉[J]. 心理科学进展,2018,26(5):831–845.
APA 李开云,陈功香,&傅小兰.(2018).自闭症谱系障碍者的视运动知觉.心理科学进展,26(5),831–845.
MLA 李开云,et al."自闭症谱系障碍者的视运动知觉".心理科学进展 26.5(2018):831–845.
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