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Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study
Liu, Bingqian1,2; Wang, Yi1,2; Li, Xuebing1,2
First AuthorLiu, Bingqian
2018-09-28
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE
Correspondent Emailxuebing li lixb@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1662-5161
SubtypeArticle
Volume12Pages:11
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

According to the framework of emotion regulation (ER), both explicit and implicit forms are essential to our well-being. It is the interaction between these two processes that ensures adaptive emotional responses. Although many studies have focused on explicit ER deficits in anxiety, there is still a lack of awareness about the implicit form and its role in anxiety. To address this issue, we explored the time course of implicit ER processes in individuals with high and low trait anxiety (LTA). To do this, we employed the newly developed Priming-Identify (PI) paradigm, which includes a word-matching task (externally-generated implicit goals) and a facial expression identification task (emotion processing). We aimed to modulate the implicit ER goals of individuals through the application of different priming conditions (ER-related and - unrelated words). In addition to their behavioral effects, we recorded the influence of these priming conditions through event-related potentials (ERPs) during the facial expression identification task. Three ERP components were chosen as indexes of three stages of implicit ER processing: N170, early posterior negativity (EPN) and late positive potential (LPP). In individuals with LTA, the early N170 and the middle EPN were enlarged under the ER-related priming condition, while the LPP was not influenced. However, in individuals with high trait anxiety (HTA), we observed an absence of any significant differences between the ER-related and - unrelated priming conditions across all three ERP components. Furthermore, enlargements of N170 and EPN amplitudes were significantly correlated with a decrease in negative emotion experience scores. Our results suggest that HTA individuals experience implicit ER deficits during the early and middle stages of ER.

KeywordImplicit Emotion Regulation Anxiety Trait Anxiety N170 Epn Lpp
DOI10.3389/fnhum.2018.00382
Indexed BySCIE
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Nature Science Foundation of China ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology
Funding ProjectNational Nature Science Foundation of China[NSFC 31671136] ; National Nature Science Foundation of China[31530031] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000445947300001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordFearful Facial Expressions ; Generalized Anxiety ; Time-course ; Neural Mechanisms ; Brain Potentials ; Faces ; Disorders ; Perception ; Attention ; Children
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27123
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Xuebing
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Bingqian,Wang, Yi,Li, Xuebing. Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study[J]. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,2018,12:11.
APA Liu, Bingqian,Wang, Yi,&Li, Xuebing.(2018).Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study.FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,12,11.
MLA Liu, Bingqian,et al."Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study".FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE 12(2018):11.
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