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Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study
Liu, Bingqian1,2; Wang, Yi1,2; Li, Xuebing1,2
2018-09-28
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN1662-5161
卷号12页码:11
摘要According to the framework of emotion regulation (ER), both explicit and implicit forms are essential to our well-being. It is the interaction between these two processes that ensures adaptive emotional responses. Although many studies have focused on explicit ER deficits in anxiety, there is still a lack of awareness about the implicit form and its role in anxiety. To address this issue, we explored the time course of implicit ER processes in individuals with high and low trait anxiety (LTA). To do this, we employed the newly developed Priming-Identify (PI) paradigm, which includes a word-matching task (externally-generated implicit goals) and a facial expression identification task (emotion processing). We aimed to modulate the implicit ER goals of individuals through the application of different priming conditions (ER-related and - unrelated words). In addition to their behavioral effects, we recorded the influence of these priming conditions through event-related potentials (ERPs) during the facial expression identification task. Three ERP components were chosen as indexes of three stages of implicit ER processing: N170, early posterior negativity (EPN) and late positive potential (LPP). In individuals with LTA, the early N170 and the middle EPN were enlarged under the ER-related priming condition, while the LPP was not influenced. However, in individuals with high trait anxiety (HTA), we observed an absence of any significant differences between the ER-related and - unrelated priming conditions across all three ERP components. Furthermore, enlargements of N170 and EPN amplitudes were significantly correlated with a decrease in negative emotion experience scores. Our results suggest that HTA individuals experience implicit ER deficits during the early and middle stages of ER.
关键词implicit emotion regulation anxiety trait anxiety N170 EPN LPP
DOI10.3389/fnhum.2018.00382
语种英语
项目资助者National Nature Science Foundation of China ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology
资助项目National Nature Science Foundation of China[NSFC 31671136] ; National Nature Science Foundation of China[31530031] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology
WOS研究方向Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS类目Neurosciences ; Psychology
WOS记录号WOS:000445947300001
出版者FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
关键词[WOS]FEARFUL FACIAL EXPRESSIONS ; GENERALIZED ANXIETY ; TIME-COURSE ; NEURAL MECHANISMS ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; FACES ; DISORDERS ; PERCEPTION ; ATTENTION ; CHILDREN
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27123
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Li, Xuebing
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Liu, Bingqian,Wang, Yi,Li, Xuebing. Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study[J]. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,2018,12:11.
APA Liu, Bingqian,Wang, Yi,&Li, Xuebing.(2018).Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study.FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,12,11.
MLA Liu, Bingqian,et al."Implicit Emotion Regulation Deficits in Trait Anxiety: An ERP Study".FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE 12(2018):11.
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