Institutional Repository of Key Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
|其他题名||The Effects of Mindfulness Training with Different Frequencies on Attention Blink|
Abstract:Overwhelming evidence shows the effects of short-term mindfulness training on improving physical and mental health. However, it has not reached a consensus on training frequency. Two studies were included in the research to explore the effects of mindfulness training with different frequencies (study 1: 4-week intermitted training, lasting 4 weeks, 2.5 hours/week, and study 2: 4-day continuous training,lasting 4 days, 20 minutes/day). A total of 29 college students were recruited in study 1. They were assigned into the 4-week intermitted mindfulness training group and the control group.Participants completed the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Peace of Mind (PoM), and the attentional blink task (AB) before and after the training. Results showed that 4-week intermitted mindfulness training significantly improved the mindfulness level, and peace of mind. However, the accuracy of attentional blink task was reduced after the mindfulness training. A total of 165 college students were recruited in study 2. They were randomly divided into three groups: mindfulness training, video game training and control (no training). Participants were asked to complete the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (S-TAI), and to rate their level of emotional state and time spent on video game playing per day. Participants then completed a 4-day, 20-min training including mindfulness training, video game training, or a waiting period (control). After training, participants rated their arousal state and emotional state, and performed the AB task. Results showed that participants who completed either short-term mindfulness training or video game training showed significant improvement on AB performance. Interestingly, meditation training was more effective in females, while video game training was more effective in males. Meditation training, but not video game training, decreased anxiety scores. The two studies showed the different effects of 4-week intermitted and 4-day continuous mindfulness training. It may provide a new view on training frequency for effective short-term mindfulness training program.
|关键词||正念 注意瞬脱 练习频率 短期|