|Alternative Title||The effect of subjective phonetic-radical neighborhood on character naming in Chinese children|
Abstract: the phonetic-radical neighborhood (N) that children actually know is called subjective N, which is different from objective N in size and distribution. Previous studies found objective N would affect the naming process of children. However, objective N may not reflect the real N of children. This study explored the impact of subjective N on character naming in Chinese children.Two naming tasks were carried out to examine the effect of subjective N from N size and higher-frequency neighbors respectively in 3rd,5th and 7th grade students from a medium-sized city of China. In experiment 1, reaction times and errors were recorded under different subjective N size. 3rd graders showed null N size effect, 5th graders showed a marginally significant inhibitory effect of subjective N size, while 7th graders had a significant inhibitory effect,with longer reaction times for characters from large neighborhoods than for those from small neighborhoods. Experiment 2 tested whether there were differences on children’s reaction times and errors when the target had higher-frequency neighbors with different pronunciation, the results exhibited that there was a significant inhibitory effect of higher-frequency neighbors, children needed longer reaction times for targets with higher-frequency neighbors than for those without higher-frequency neighbors. The above results suggested that the influence of subjective N on character naming was gradually enhanced with the growth of grades, there wasno significant inhibitory effect of subjective N size until children entered upper grades. And this influence was related to the inhibitory effect of higher-frequency neighbors. Moreover, the subjective N effect was different from the objective N effect in earlier studies, especially in lower grades, which indicated the objective N could not reflect the influence of real N in children’s naming process, and researchers should concern the role of children’s subjective N in character naming.
|Keyword||儿童 主观声旁家族 高频家族字 汉字命名|
|First Author Affilication||Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences|
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