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The relationship between driving skill and driving behavior: Psychometric adaptation of the Driver Skill Inventory in China
Xu, Jing1,2; Liu, Juan3; Sun, Xianghong1,2; Zhang, Kan1,2; Qu, Weina1,2; Ge, Yan1,2
2018-11-01
发表期刊ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
ISSN0001-4575
卷号120页码:92-100
摘要Most road accidents are caused by human factors alone or in combination with other factors. Deficits in driving skill are a human factor that contributes to accidents. It is important to focus on driving skills to reduce traffic accidents and enhance safe driving. In this study, we adopted a Chinese version of the Driver Skill Inventory (DSI) and explored its correlation with driving behaviors, sociodemographic factors and personality. A total of 295 licensed drivers voluntarily completed a survey that covered the DSI, the Driver Behavior Questionnaire, the Positive Driver Behavior Scale, self-reported traffic accidents, penalty points and fines, the Big Five Inventory, and sociodemographic parameters. First, the results of principal axis analysis on the DSI yielded two clear factors: perceptual-motor skills and safety skills. Second, both perceptual-motor skills and safety skills were positively correlated with positive behaviors. Safety skills were negatively correlated with all aberrant driving behaviors (e.g., aggressive violations, ordinary violations, errors, and lapses), whereas perceptual-motor skills were negatively correlated with errors and lapses. Third, with regard to penalties, safety skills were negatively associated with penalty fines and points received within the past year, whereas perceptual-motor skills showed no such correlation. Fourth, with regard to sociodemographic parameters, perceptual-motor skills were positively correlated with years of holding a driving license, weekly driving distance and annual driving distance. Men reported higher perceptual-motor skills than women, whereas safety skills were unrelated to gender. Fifth, structural equation modeling was conducted to test the effects of personality traits on driving skill. The results showed that conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience were significant predictors of perceptual-motor skills, whereas agreeableness and conscientiousness were significant predictors of safety skills. Overall, based on these results, the Chinese version of the DSI has acceptable internal consistency and a stable structure; thus, it represents a useful tool to measure driving skill. Moreover, the measurement of personality traits, which are important individual factors closely linked to driving skill, can aid in the education of professional drivers or to inform preventative and educational activities that focus on personality traits in addition to knowledge.
关键词The Driver Skill Inventory Driving behavior Personality Reliability and validity
DOI10.1016/j.aap.2018.07.032
语种英语
项目资助者National Key Research and Development Plan ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China
资助项目National Key Research and Development Plan[2017YFB082800] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31771225] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400886] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736220] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China[2009FY110100]
WOS研究方向Engineering ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Social Sciences - Other Topics ; Transportation
WOS类目Ergonomics ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary ; Transportation
WOS记录号WOS:000446144800010
出版者PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
关键词[WOS]CROSS-CULTURAL DIFFERENCES ; PERSONALITY-TRAITS ; SELF-ASSESSMENTS ; PERCEPTUAL-MOTOR ; SAFETY SKILLS ; ACCIDENT RISK ; OLDER-ADULTS ; EXPERIENCE ; VIOLATIONS ; UNIVERSAL
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27316
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Qu, Weina; Ge, Yan
作者单位1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Air Force, Inst Aviat Med, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Xu, Jing,Liu, Juan,Sun, Xianghong,et al. The relationship between driving skill and driving behavior: Psychometric adaptation of the Driver Skill Inventory in China[J]. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,2018,120:92-100.
APA Xu, Jing,Liu, Juan,Sun, Xianghong,Zhang, Kan,Qu, Weina,&Ge, Yan.(2018).The relationship between driving skill and driving behavior: Psychometric adaptation of the Driver Skill Inventory in China.ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,120,92-100.
MLA Xu, Jing,et al."The relationship between driving skill and driving behavior: Psychometric adaptation of the Driver Skill Inventory in China".ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION 120(2018):92-100.
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