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Alternative TitleThe age effect of empathy and its neural mechanism
刘晓倩1,2; 韩布新1,2
Conference Name第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
Source Publication摘要集-第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
Conference Date10.30-11.2
Conference Place北京
Contribution Rank1

摘要:共情是准确推断他人特定想法和感受的一种能力,在社会互动和社会理解中发挥关键作用,可能是成功老龄化的标志。老龄化问题日益严重,代际差异带来的社会矛盾不断增加。老年人共情能力已成为研究热点,但在理论和实践研究中都存在争论{Wieck, 2015 #140;Blanke, 2016 #121}。社会情绪选择理论认为随着年龄增加,老年人的共情能力尤其是情绪共情能力应该保持稳定或上升,但老化脑理论认为随着相关脑区的老化,老年人共情能力下降。过去研究并未有一致性结果,基于此,本研究采用行为实验与ERP研究相结合的方式研究共情的年龄效应。


Other Abstract

Abstract:Empathy is the ability to accurately infer the specific thoughts and feelings of others.It plays a key role in social interaction and social understanding, which may be a sign of successful aging. Given that the aging problem is becoming more and more serious nowadays, there are many social contradictions caused by intergenerational differences. The empathy of elders has become a research focus, but there is controversy among current researches. Socioemotional selectivity theory predicted that the empathy, especially the emotional empathy,would remain stable with the increase of age. But the brain-aging model indicated that the regions of brain related to empathy would atrophied with aging, so elders’ empathy would decline as well. Above all, this study conducted behavior experiments and ERP experiments to detect the age difference of empathy.Study 1 measured the age difference of pain empathy in the behavioral experiment, it was found that young people had better perception of pain intensity than old people. When faced with the same pain scene, young people were more sensitive to pain stimulation, which was basically consistent with previous research results. ERP experiment was conducted to explore the age effect of pain empathy in study 2. In the early stage of emotional empathy,and the elderly women maintained a similar level of emotional empathy ability with the young people in N1 component, while the elderly men showed a significant decline in emotional empathy ability.In the late stage of cognitive empathy, the cognitive empathy levels of elderly men and women generally declined without gender differences in LPP component.In general, the emotional empathy and cognitive empathy abilities of the elderly were lower than those of the young, but the emotional empathy abilities of the elderly women remained better.

Keyword年龄 疼痛共情 Erp
Document Type会议论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘晓倩,韩布新. 疼痛共情的年龄效应及其神经机制[C],2018:850-851.
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疼痛共情的年龄效应及其神经机制.pdf(704KB)会议论文 限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
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